Battle of Monocacy: Confederate Army Order of Battle

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Battle of Monocacy: Confederate Order of Battle
 
Army of the Valley, Lt. Gen. Jubal Early

  • Breckinridge's Corps, Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge
    • Gordon's Division, Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon
      • Evans' Brigade, Brig. Gen. Clement A. Evans (w), Col. E.M.Atkinson
        • 13th GA Infantry Regiment, Col. J.H. Baker (w)
        • 26th GA Infantry Regiment, Col. E.M. Atkinson, Lt. Col. James S. Blain
        • 31st GA Infantry Regiment, Col. John H. Lowe
        • 38th GA Infantry Regiment, Maj. Thomas H. Bomar
        • 60th GA Infantry Regiment, Capt.. Milton Russell
        • 61st GA Infantry Regiment, Col. J.J. Lamar (k), Lt. Col. J.D. VanValkenburg (k), Capt. E.F Sharp
        • 12th GA Infantry Battalion, Capt. J.W. Anderson
      • Consolidated Louisiana Brigade, Brig. Gen. Zebulon York
        • Hays' Brigade, Col. W.R. Peck
          • 5th LA Infantry Regiment, Maj. Alexander Hart
          • 6th LA Infantry Regiment, Lt. Col. Joseph Hanlon
          • 7th LA Infantry Regiment, Lt. Col. Thomas M. Terry
          • 8th LA Infantry Regiment, Capt. Louis Prados
          • 9th LA Infantry Regiment, Lt. Col. J.J. Hodges (w )
        • Stafford's Brigade, Col. Eugene Waggaman
          • 1st LA Infantry Regiment, Capt. Joseph Taylor
          • 2nd LA Infantry Regiment, Lt. Col. Michael A. Grogan
          • 10th LA Infantry Regiment, Lt. Col. Henry D. Monier
          • 14th LA Infantry Regiment, Lt. Col. David Zable
          • l5th LA Infantry Regiment, Capt. H.J. Egan
        • Terry's Brigade (formerly the Stonewall Division), Brig. Gen. Wm. Terry
          • 2nd, 4th, 5th, 27th, and 33rd VA Consolidated Infantry Regiments (formerly the Stonewall Brigade), Col. John H.S. Funk
          • 21st, 25th, 42nd, 44th, 48th, and 50th VA Consolidated Infantry Regiments (formerly J.J. Jones' Brigade), Col. Robert H. Dungan
          • 10th, 23rd, and 36th VA Consolidated Infantry Regiments (formerly G.H. Steuart's Brigade), Lt. Col. Samuel H. Saunders

 

    • Breckinridge's Division, Brig. Gen. John Echols
      • Echols' Brigade, Col. G.S. Patton
        • 22nd VA Infantry Regiment
        • 23rd VA Infantry Battalion, Lt. Col. Clarence Derril
        • 26th VA infantry Battalion, Lt. Col. G.M. Edgar
      • Wharton's Brigade, Brig. Gen. Gabriel C. Wharton
        • 45th VA Infantry Regiment, Lt. Col. Edwin H. Harman
        • 50th VA Infantry Regiment
        • 51st VA Infantry Regiment
        • 30th VA Infantry Battalion, Maj. Peter J. Otey
      • Smith's Brigade, Col. Thomas Smith
        • 36th VA Infantry Regiment
        • 60th VA Infantry Regiment
        • 45th VA Infantry Battalion
        • William H. Thomas' Legion, Lt. Col. James R. Love

 

  • Early's Corps
    • Rodes' Division, Maj. Gen. Robert E. Rodes
      • Grimes' Brigade, Brig. Gen. Bryan Grimes
        • 32nd NC Infantry Regiment
        • 43rd NC Infantry Regiment
        • 53rd NC Infantry Regiment
        • 2nd NC Infantry Battalion
      • Cooks' Brigade, Brig. Gen. Phillip Cook
        • 4th GA Infantry Regiment
        • 12th GA Infantry Regiment
        • 21st GA Infantry Regiment
        • 44th GA Infantry Regiment
      • Cox's Brigade, Brig. Gen. William Cox
        • 1st NC Infantry Regiment, Col. H. M. Brown
        • 2nd NC Infantry Regiment, Col. J. P. Cobb
        • 3rd NC Infantry Regiment, Col. S. D. Thurston
        • 4th NC Infantry Regiment, Col. J. H. Wood
        • 14th NC Infantry Regiment, Lt. Col. W.A. Johnston
        • 30th NC Infantry Regiment
      • Battle's Brigade, Brig. Gen. Cullen A. Battle
        • 3rd AL Infantry Regiment
        • 5th AL Infantry Regiment, Lt. Col. E.L. Hobson
        • 6th AL Infantry Regiment
        • 12th AL Infantry Regiment
        • 61st AL Infantry Regiment

 

    • Ramseur's Division, Maj. Gen. S. Dodson Ramseur
      • Lilley's Brigade, Brig. Gen. Robert D. Lilley
        • 13th VA Infantry Regiment
        • 31st VA Infantry Regiment
        • 49th VA Infantry Regiment
        • 52nd VA Infantry Regiment
        • 53rd VA Infantry Regiment
      • Johnston's Brigade, Brig. Gen. Robert D. Johnston
        • 5th NC Infantry Regiment, Col. J.W. Lea
        • 12th NC Infantry Regiment, Lt. Col. W.S. Davis
        • 20th NC Infantry Regiment, Col. T.F. Toon
        • 23rd NC Infantry Regiment
      • Lewis' Infantry Brigade, Brig. Gen. William G. Lewis
        • 6th NC Infantry Regiment, Lt. Col. S.M. Tate
        • 21st NC Infantry Regiment
        • 54th NC Infantry Regiment
        • 57th NC Infantry Regiment
        • 1st NC Infantry Battalion

 

    • Chief of Artillery, Brig. Gen. Armistead L. Long
      • Artillery, Lt. Col. J. Floyd King
        • Nelson's Battalion, Lt. Col. William Nelson
          • Milledge's GA Battery, Capt. John Milledge
          • Amhurst VA Artillery, Capt. L.J. Kirkpatrick
          • Fluvanna VA Artillery, Capt. John L. Massie
        • Braxton's Battalion, Lt. Col. Carter Braxton
          • Allegheny VA Artillery, Capt. John C. Carpenter
          • Stafford VA Artillery, Capt. Raleigh L. Cooper
          • Lee VA Artillery, Capt. W.W. Hardwicke
        • McLaughlin's Battalion, Maj. William McLaughlin
          • Lewisburg VA Artillery, Capt. Thomas A. Bryan
          • Wise Legion Artillery, Capt. W.M. Lowry
          • Monroe VA Artillery, Capt. George B. Chapman

 

      • Cavalry, Maj. Gen. Robert Ransom
        • McCausland's Brigade, Brig. Gen. John McCausland
          • 14th VA Cavalry Regiment
          • 16th VA Cavalry Regiment
          • 17th VA Cavalry Regiment, Lt. Col. W.C. Tavenner (k)
          • 22nd VA Cavalry Regiment
          • 25th VA Cavalry Regiment
          • 37th VA Cavalry Regiment

Sources: Monocacy National Battlefield, National Park Service, Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies.

Recommended Reading: Desperate Engagement: How a Little-Known Civil War Battle Saved Washington, D.C., and Changed American History. Description: The Battle of Monocacy, which took place on the blisteringly hot day of July 9, 1864, is one of the Civil War’s most significant yet little-known battles. What played out that day in the corn and wheat fields four miles south of Frederick, Maryland, was a full-field engagement between 12,000 battle-hardened Confederate troops led by the controversial Jubal Anderson Early, and 5,800 Union troops, many of them untested in battle, under the mercurial Lew Wallace, the future author of Ben-Hur. When the fighting ended, 1,300 Union troops were dead, wounded or missing or had been taken prisoner, and Early---who suffered 800 casualties---had routed Wallace in the northernmost Confederate victory of the war. Two days later, on another brutally hot afternoon, Monday, July 11, 1864, Early sat astride his horse outside the gates of Fort Stevens in the upper northwestern fringe of Washington, D.C. He was about to make one of the war’s most fateful, portentous decisions: whether or not to order his men to invade the nation’s capitol. Continued below...

Early had been on the march since June 13, when Robert E. Lee ordered him to take an entire corps of men from their Richmond-area encampment and wreak havoc on Yankee troops in the Shenandoah Valley, then to move north and invade Maryland. If Early found the conditions right, Lee said, he was to take the war for the first time into President Lincoln’s front yard. Also on Lee’s agenda: forcing the Yankees to release a good number of troops from the stranglehold that Gen. U.S. Grant had built around Richmond Among the more memorable key-players are Early, the daring general of the valley; Lew Wallace (who would later author “Ben Hur”), who attempts to block Early's advance; and George Davis, from Vermont, who was awarded the Medal of Honor during this fiercely contested campaign. This is a fine recounting of a relatively obscure but quite interesting series of events, and both the general reader and Civil War aficionados will enjoy it. The book also contains sixty-one illustrations.

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Recommended Reading: Jubal Early's Raid on Washington. Description: "Cooling has produced what is sure to become the definitive scholarly account of the campaign. Drawing on a vast array of sources, including seldom-used veterans' accounts, Cooling presents a comprehensive campaign study from origins to aftermath. Not only does Cooling masterfully describe the specific movements of the opposing forces, but he also never loses sight of the wider context in which the campaign was fought. Continued below…

In fact, Cooling's greatest contribution may be his clear demonstration that Grant was fooled by Early's operations and took an uncommonly long time to react to a very serious threat." - American Historical Review." About the Author: B.F. Cooling is chief historian of the Department of Energy and has won the Douglas Southall Freeman Award and the Fletcher Pratt Award for best Civil War history book.
 

Recommended Reading: Season of Fire: The Confederate Strike on Washington (Hardcover: 300 pages). Editorial Review from Booklist: In 1864, Confederate General Jubal Early, outraged by Union depredations in the Shenandoah Valley by the Federals, launched a bold but futile raid on the outskirts of Washington, D.C. With this event as the central focus of his narrative, Judge has written a fascinating and riveting account of the men in battle. He masterfully maintains both dramatic tension and historical accuracy by relating the events through the memoirs of the actual participants. Judge explains the military maneuvers in language that laypersons can easily grasp, and his portrayals of the key participants breathe life into the account. Continued below...

Among the more memorable key-players are Early, the daring general of the valley; Lew Wallace (who would later author “Ben Hur”), who attempts to block Early's advance; and George Davis, from Vermont, who was awarded the Medal of Honor during this fiercely contested campaign. This is a fine recounting of a relatively obscure but quite interesting series of events, and both the general reader and Civil War aficionados will enjoy it. The book also contains sixty-one illustrations.

 

Recommended Reading: Reveille in Washington, 1860 - 1865. Description: Winner of the 1942 Pulitzer Prize in History, it is an authentic, scholarly description of life in Washington during the Civil War, written in a highly readable style. The "star" of the book is, indeed, the city of Washington D.C. Many players walk across the D.C. stage, and Leech's research paints vivid portraits not seen before about the Lincolns, Walt Whitman, Andrew Carnegie, Winfield Scott, John Wilkes Booth, and many others. Continued below...

It's the "Capitol" that you have never really seen or heard that much about… It's a scrappy, dusty, muddy, unfinished city, begging for respect. Washington City, as it was called then, was both a respite for Union soldiers, as well as the Union Army’s “prostitution headquarters.” From the so-called 'highlife to the lowlife', the politician to the pauper, all receive their respectful, or rightful, place in this delightful but candid prose.
 
 

Recommended Reading: The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864 (McFarland & Company). Description: A significant part of the Civil War was fought in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, especially in 1864. Books and articles have been written about the fighting that took place there, but they generally cover only a small period of time and focus on a particular battle or campaign. Continued below...

This work covers the entire year of 1864 so that readers can clearly see how one event led to another in the Shenandoah Valley and turned once-peaceful garden spots into gory battlefields. It tells the stories of the great leaders, ordinary men, innocent civilians, and armies large and small taking part in battles at New Market, Chambersburg, Winchester, Fisher’s Hill and Cedar Creek, but it primarily tells the stories of the soldiers, Union and Confederate, who were willing to risk their lives for their beliefs. The author has made extensive use of memoirs, letters and reports written by the soldiers of both sides who fought in the Shenandoah Valley in 1864.

 

Recommended Reading: The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864 (Military Campaigns of the Civil War) (416 pages) (The University of North Carolina Press). Description: The 1864 Shenandoah Valley Campaign is generally regarded as one of the most important Civil War campaigns; it lasted more than four arduous months and claimed more than 25,000 casualties. The massive armies of Generals Philip H. Sheridan and Jubal A. Early had contended for immense stakes... Beyond the agricultural bounty and the boost in morale to be gained with its numerous battles, events in the Valley would affect Abraham Lincoln's chances for reelection in November 1864. Continued below...

The eleven essays in this volume reexamine common assumptions about the campaign, its major figures, and its significance. Taking advantage of the most recent scholarship and a wide range of primary sources, contributors examine strategy and tactics, the performances of key commanders on each side, the campaign's political repercussions, and the experiences of civilians caught in the path of the armies. The authors do not always agree with one another, but, taken together, their essays highlight important connections between the home front and the battlefield, as well as ways in which military affairs, civilian experiences, and politics played off one another during the campaign.

 

Recommended Reading: Shenandoah Summer: The 1864 Valley Campaign. Description: Jubal A. Early’s disastrous battles in the Shenandoah Valley ultimately resulted in his ignominious dismissal. But Early’s lesser-known summer campaign of 1864, between his raid on Washington and Phil Sheridan’s renowned fall campaign, had a significant impact on the political and military landscape of the time. By focusing on military tactics and battle history in uncovering the facts and events of these little-understood battles, Scott C. Patchan offers a new perspective on Early’s contributions to the Confederate war effort—and to Union battle plans and politicking. Patchan details the previously unexplored battles at Rutherford’s Farm and Kernstown (a pinnacle of Confederate operations in the Shenandoah Valley) and examines the campaign’s influence on President Lincoln’s reelection efforts. Continued below…

He also provides insights into the personalities, careers, and roles in Shenandoah of Confederate General John C. Breckinridge, Union general George Crook, and Union colonel James A. Mulligan, with his “fighting Irish” brigade from Chicago. Finally, Patchan reconsiders the ever-colorful and controversial Early himself, whose importance in the Confederate military pantheon this book at last makes clear. About the Author: Scott C. Patchan, a Civil War battlefield guide and historian, is the author of Forgotten Fury: The Battle of Piedmont, Virginia, and a consultant and contributing writer for Shenandoah, 1862.

Review

"The author's descriptions of the battles are very detailed, full or regimental level actions, and individual incidents. He bases the accounts on commendable research in manuscript collections, newspapers, published memoirs and regimental histories, and secondary works. The words of the participants, quoted often by the author, give the narrative an immediacy. . . . A very creditable account of a neglected period."-Jeffry D. Wert, Civil War News (Jeffry D. Wert Civil War News 20070914)

"[Shenandoah Summer] contains excellent diagrams and maps of every battle and is recommended reading for those who have a passion for books on the Civil War."-Waterline (Waterline 20070831)

"The narrative is interesting and readable, with chapters of a digestible length covering many of the battles of the campaign."-Curled Up With a Good Book (Curled Up With a Good Book 20060815)

"Shenandoah Summer provides readers with detailed combat action, colorful character portrayals, and sound strategic analysis. Patchan''s book succeeds in reminding readers that there is still plenty to write about when it comes to the American Civil War."-John Deppen, Blue & Grey Magazine (John Deppen Blue & Grey Magazine 20060508)

"Scott C. Patchan has solidified his position as the leading authority of the 1864 Shenandoah Valley Campaign with his outstanding campaign study, Shenandoah Summer. Mr. Patchan not only unearths this vital portion of the campaign, he has brought it back to life with a crisp and suspenseful narrative. His impeccable scholarship, confident analyses, spellbinding battle scenes, and wonderful character portraits will captivate even the most demanding readers. Shenandoah Summer is a must read for the Civil War aficionado as well as for students and scholars of American military history."-Gary Ecelbarger, author of "We Are in for It!": The First Battle of Kernstown, March 23, 1862 (Gary Ecelbarger 20060903)

"Scott Patchan has given us a definitive account of the 1864 Valley Campaign. In clear prose and vivid detail, he weaves a spellbinding narrative that bristles with detail but never loses sight of the big picture. This is a campaign narrative of the first order."-Gordon C. Rhea, author of The Battle of the Wilderness: May 5-6, 1864 (Gordon C. Rhea )

"[Scott Patchan] is a `boots-on-the-ground' historian, who works not just in archives but also in the sun and the rain and tall grass. Patchan's mastery of the topography and the battlefields of the Valley is what sets him apart and, together with his deep research, gives his analysis of the campaign an unimpeachable authority."-William J. Miller, author of Mapping for Stonewall and Great Maps of the Civil War (William J. Miller)

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