List of U.S. Navy Officer Resignations on the Eve of the American Civil War

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List of Navy Officers Who Joined the Confederate Navy
Names of U.S. Navy Officer Resignations Prior to the Civil War

Ex-US Navy Officers Who Joined the Confederate Navy
Union Naval Officer Resignations and Dismissals

Table I
United States Navy Officer Resignations & Dismissals
April 1861 by Days

Rank Status 1-11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Totals
Captains (93) Accepted
Dismissed
                 
1
  1 1
3
1             3
4
Commanders (127) Accepted
Dismissed
              1
5
 
1
1
2
  3
2
1
1
1    
1
    1 8
12
Lieutenants (351) Accepted
Dismissed
 
2
         
1
1
3
1
3
 
2
 
5
 
2
 
4
4
1
  2
2
1      
1
9
26
Surgeons (69) Accepted
Dismissed
                                    1 1
Passed Assistant Surgeons (43) Accepted
Dismissed
1                                     1
Asst. Surgeons (36) Accepted
Dismissed
                                       
Paymasters (64) Accepted
Dismissed
 
1
      1          
1
                1 2
2
Masters in Line of Promotion (37) Accepted
Dismissed
                          1           1
Masters not in Line of Promotion (9) Accepted
Dismissed
                                       
Chaplains (24) Accepted
Dismissed
                                       
Professors of Math (12) Accepted
Dismissed
                       
1
               
1
Midshipmen (55) Accepted
Dismissed
                                       
Acting Midshipmen (267) Accepted
Dismissed
1   1     2   1 3 11     4 3 12         38
Boatswains (43) Accepted
Dismissed
                                       
Gunners (47) Accepted
Dismissed
                     
1
                 
1
Carpenters (45) Accepted
Dismissed
                      1               1
Sailmakers (40) Accepted
Dismissed
              1   1                   2
Chief Engineers (28) Accepted
Dismissed
                                       
1st Asst. Engr. (43) Accepted
Dismissed
                   
1
                   
1
2nd Asst. Engr. (29) Accepted
Dismissed
              1                       1
3rd Asst. Engr. (92) Accepted
Dismissed
                                       
TOTALS 5   1   1 3 4 13 7 22 4 15 12 5 16 2     4 114


Table II
United States Navy Officer Resignations & Dismissals
Year 1860-1861 by months

Rank Status 60
Dec
61
Jan
Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Captains (93) Accepted
Dismissed
  1 3 1 3
4
1
1
 
1
            9
6
Commanders (127) Accepted
Dismissed
  3 1   8
12
4
2
 
2
 
1
     
1
    16
18
Lieutenants (351) Accepted
Dismissed
5 7 5 1 9
26
12
2
 
5
 
6
   
2
 
2
   
5
39
48
Surgeons (69) Accepted
Dismissed
  1     1 3
5
 
1
  1  
1
 
1
 
1
  6
9
Passed Assistant Surgeons (43) Accepted
Dismissed
  1   2 1 2
3
   
1
          6
4
Asst. Surgeons (36) Accepted
Dismissed
1 1        
6
 
1
1
1
     
1
   
1
3
10
Paymasters (64) Accepted
Dismissed
  1 1   2
2
   
1
 
5
 
1
        4
9
Masters in Line of Promotion (37) Accepted
Dismissed
  1 1   1 1               4
Masters not in Line of Promotion (9) Accepted
Dismissed
  1       1               2
Chaplains (24) Accepted
Dismissed
  1                       1
Professors of Math (12) Accepted
Dismissed
         
1
       
1
         
2
Midshipmen (55) Accepted
Dismissed
1   1 1    
1
 
4
 
4
 
3
        3
12
Acting Midshipmen (267) Accepted
Dismissed
4 21 6 31 38 6 2 1 1     1   111
Boatswains (43) Accepted
Dismissed
             
2
             
2
Gunners (47) Accepted
Dismissed
         
1
 
2
 
1
             
4
Carpenters (45) Accepted
Dismissed
        1  
1
 
1
 
2
   
1
1     2
5
Sailmakers (40) Accepted
Dismissed
        2    
2
 
1
    1     3
3
Chief Engineers (28) Accepted
Dismissed
      1    
2
 
1
 
1
          1
4
1st Asst. Engr. (43) Accepted
Dismissed
         
1
1
3
 
1
 
1
 
1
        1
7
2nd Asst. Engr. (29) Accepted
Dismissed
        1 1
2
   
1
   
1
1     3
4
3rd Asst. Engr. (92) Accepted
Dismissed
   
1
2      
4
   
2
1     2   5
7
TOTALS Accepted
Dismissed
11 40 20 37 114 67 29 24 8 5 8 4 6 373


Table III
Proportions of Officers "Going South"

Rank Total
Officers
in each
Rank
Accepted Dismissed Total
Accepted
or
Dismissed
% of
total
USN
% Dismissed
of Officers
who left
the service
Dec. 1, 1860-
Dec. 31, 1861
Captains 93 9 6 15 16 40
Commanders 127 16 18 34 27 53
Lieutenants 351 39 48 87 25 55
Surgeons 69 6 9 15 22 60
Passed Assistant Surgeons 43 6 4 10 23 40
Assistant Surgeons 36 3 10 13 36 77
Paymasters 64 4 9 13 20 69
Masters (Promotion Line)
      (incl 1 Reserve)
37 4 0 4 11 0
Masters (non-Promotion Line)
      (incl 9 Reserve)
9 2 0 2 22 0
Chaplains 24 1 0 1 4 0
Professors of Mathematics 12 0 2 2 17 100
Midshipmen 55 3 12 15 27 80
Acting Midshipmen 267 111 0 111 42 0
Boatswains 43 0 2 2 5 100
Gunners 47 0 4 4 9 100
Carpenters 45 2 5 7 16 71
Sailmakers 40 3 3 6 15 50
Chief Engineers 28 1 4 5 18 80
1st Assistant Engineers 43 1 7 8 19 88
2nd Assistant Engineers 29 3 4 7 24 57
3rd Assistant Engineers 92 5 7 12 13 58
TOTALS 1,554 219 154 373 24 41

Sources: The information on which Tables I, II, and III are based has been compiled from Register of the Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the Navy of the United States including Officers in the Marine Corps and others for Year 1861 (Washington, D.C., 1861), Register of Officers of the Confederate States Navy, 1861-1865 (Washington, D.C., 1931); and lists and letters contained in the microfilm "Resignations and Dismissals from the U.S. Navy, 1861," RG45, National Archives.

Appendix
Data on Officers Resigning, Accepted and Dismissed1

  Date
Resignation
Tendered2
Date of
Acceptance
or Dismissal3
Origins by State4 Date of
CSN
Appt.
CSN
Rank5
Birth Appointed Citizen
CAPTAINS (93)              
Resigned-Accepted (9)              
Randolph, Victor M. 10 Jan 14 Jan VA VA VA 26 Mar Capt
Ingraham, Duncan N. 1 Feb 4 Feb SC SC SC 26 Mar Capt
Rousseau, Lawrence 30 Jan 11 Feb LA LA LA 26 Mar Capt
Tattnall, Josiah 20 Feb 21 Feb GA GA GA 26 Mar Capt
Newell, Thomas M. (Inactive) 14 Mar 18 Mar GA GA GA ---------- ----------
Lynch, William F. 21 Apr 21 Apr VA VA VA 10 Jun Capt
Cooke, Harrison H. 22 Apr 22 Apr VA VA VA no date Capt
Sterrett, Isaac S. 23 Apr 23 Apr MD MD MD 10 Jun Capt
Page, Hugh N. (Inactive) 19 Apr 14 May VA VA VA no date Capt
 
Resigned-Dismissed (6)              
Forrest, French 19 Apr 19 Apr MD DC VA 10 Jun Capt
Buchanan, Franklin 22 Apr 22 Apr MD PA PA 5 Sep Capt
Barron, Samuel 22 Apr 22 Apr VA VA VA no date Capt
Magruder, George A. 22 Apr 22 Apr VA VA VA ---------- ----------
Mayo, Isaac 1 May 18 May MD MD MD ---------- ----------
Hollins, George N. 9 Jun 6 Jun MD MD MD 22 Jun Capt
 
COMMANDERS (127)              
Resigned-Accepted (16)              
Hartstene, Henry J. 3 Jan 9 Jan SC GA SC 26 Mar Cdr
Brent, Thomas W. 12 Jan 19 Jan DC DC FL 19 Jan Cdr
Farrand, Ebenezer 13 Jan 21 Jan NY NJ NJ 21 Jan Cdr
Semmes, Raphael 15 Feb 15 Feb MD MD MD 26 Mar Cdr
Henderson, James L. 18 Apr 18 Apr VA DC VA 10 Jun Cdr
McBlair, Charles H. 20 Apr 20 Apr MD MD MD 19 Oct Cdr
Thorburn, Robert D. 22 Apr 22 Apr VA VA VA 23 Oct Cdr
Minor, George 22 Apr 22 Apr VA VA VA 10 Jun Cdr
Myers, Joseph 22 Apr 22 Apr NC VA NC ---------- ----------


1. Sources: Resignations & Dismissals of Officers from the U.S. Navy, 1861; Letters of Resignation from Commissioned Officers immediately before and following the outbreak of the Civil War and the Secretary's Acceptance, 2 vols.; List of Commissioned Officers who resigned or were dismissed immediately before and following the outbreak of the Civil War, Dec. 1860-Dec. 1861. Navy and Old Army Branch; NA. Register of the Secretary of the Navy, 1861, pp. 160-169; Register of the Officers of the Confederate States Navy, 1861-1965 (Washington, D.C., 1931).

2. All dates are of year 1861 unless otherwise indicated.

3. This column contains the crucial date which indicates when the Navy Department considered a resignation to have been accepted or dismissed. A resignation had no effect until this date. Time lags between tender and acceptance or dismissal were usually due to distance between officer and Washington, D.C., but in some cases officers were able to use telegraph, and in Secretary Toucey's administration some resignations from the deep South were sent and accepted by telegram on the same day.

4. Navy Registers show officers geographical location at only three points during their careers: state of birth (without date), state from which appointed (which sometimes had no relationship to residence) and state of which the officer was a citizen.

5. In instances where a line and no rank appears, the officer did not join the Confederate State Navy. In some cases, not indicated, a Confederate officer would be a member of the "Virginia Navy," the "South Carolina Navy," or the "Georgia Navy," although these state navies were small and had but a brief existence.


  Date
Resignation
Tendered2
Date of
Acceptance
or Dismissal3
Origins by State4 Date of
CSN
Appt.
CSN
Rank5
Birth Appointed Citizen
Pinkney, Robert F. 23 Apr 23 Apr MD MD MD 24 Jun Cdr
Chatard, Frederick 24 Apr 24 Apr MD MD MD 15 Jun Cdr
Hunter, William W. 2 Apr 29 Apr PA LA LA 6 Jun Cdr
Green, William 22 Apr 6 May VA VA VA no date Cdr
Mason, Murray 16 Apr 13 May DC DC DC 10 Jun Cdr
Whittle, William C. 20 Apr 16 May VA VA VA 11 Jun Cdr
Manning, John 18 May 23 May NC NC NC ---------- ----------
 
Resigned-Dismissed(18)              
Robb, Robert G. 18 Apr 18 Apr VA VA VA 10 Jun Cdr
Fairfax, Archibald 18 Apr 18 Apr VA VA VA 10 Jun Cdr
Page, Richard L. 18 Apr 18 Apr VA VA VA 10 Jun Cdr
Sinclair, Arthur 18 Apr 18 Apr VA VA VA 10 Jun Cdr
Tucker, John R. 18 Apr 18 Apr DC IN DC 6 Jun Cdr
Rootes, Thomas R. 19 Apr 19 Apr VA GA VA 10 Jun Cdr
McBlair, William 20 Apr 20 Apr MD MD MD 10 Jun Cdr
McIntosh, Charles F. 20 Apr 20 Apr VA VA VA 13 Jun Cdr
Lee, Sidney Smith 22 Apr 22 Apr VA VA VA 11 Jun Cdr
Page, Thomas J. 22 Apr 22 Apr VA VA VA 10 Jun Cdr
Hunter, Thomas T. 23 Apr 23 Apr VA VA VA 10 Jun Cdr
Maury, Matthew, F. 26 Apr 26 Apr VA TN TN 10 Jun Cdr
Muse, William T. 2 Apr 13 May NC NC NC 24 Jun Cdr
Mitchell, John K. 29 Apr 27 May NC NC NC 11 Nov Cdr
Kennedy, Charles H.A.H. 31 Apr 4 Jun VA VA NC 25 Jun Cdr
Handy, Edward L. 13 Jun 14 Jun RI RI RI ---------- ----------
Boutwell, Edward B. 31 Jul 31 Jul VA VA VA ---------- ----------
Chandler, William Court of Inq. 17 Oct DC DC DC ---------- ----------
 
LIEUTENANTS (351)              
Resigned-Accepted (39)              
Hamilton, John R. 1 Dec 60 15 Dec 60 SC SC SC 26 Mar 1st Lt
Law, George E. 20 Nov 60 18 Dec 60 IN IN IN -------- ---------
Dozier, William G. 21 Dec 60 21 Dec 60 SC SC SC 26 Mar 1st Lt
Warley, Alexander F. 20 Dec 60 24 Dec 60 SC SC SC 26 Mar 1st Lt
Selden, Robert 21 Dec 60 27 Dec 60 DC VA VA -------- --------
Stribling, John 31 Dec 60 8 Jan VA SC SC 29 Mar 1st Lt
Pelot, Thomas P. 7 Jan 11 Jan SC SC SC 26 Mar 1st Lt
North, James H. 14 Jan 15 Jan SC SC
SC
26 Mar
Lt
Chapman, Robert T. 14 Jan 15 Jan AL AL AL 26 Mar 1st Lt
Renshaw, Francis B. 16 Jan 22 Jan PA PA PA 26 Mar 1st Lt
Eggleston, John R. 13 Jan 22 Jan VA MS VA 5 Apr 1st Lt
Kell, John 18 Jan 23 Jan GA GA GA 26 Mar 1st Lt
Fry, Joseph 26 Jan 1 Feb FL NY NY 26 Mar 1st Lt
Porcher, Philip 19 Jan 2 Feb SC SC SC 26 Mar 1st Lt
Walbach, J.J.B. 5 Dec 60 18 Feb NH NH MD -------- --------
Rutledge, John 20 Jan 23 Feb SC SC SC 26 Mar 1st Lt
Morris, C. Manigault 25 Jan 29 Feb SC SC SC 26 Mar 1st Lt
Simons, Maurice 28 Feb 7 Mar SC SC SC -------- --------
Bradfotd, William L. 9 Apr 17 Apr AL AL AL 13 Apr 1st Lt
Fitzgerald, William B. 14 Apr 18 Apr DC VA VA 20 Jun Lt
Kennard, Joel S. 22 Apr 23 Apr AL AL AL 27 Apr 1st Lt
Tilghman, Richard L. 23 Apr 23 Apr MD MD MD -------- --------
McLaughlin, Augustus M. 23 Apr 23 Apr MD AR AR 15 Jun 1st Lt


  Date
Resignation
Tendered2
Date of
Acceptance
or Dismissal3
Origins by State4 Date of
CSN
Appt.
CSN
Rank5
Birth Appointed Citizen
Hunter, Bushrod W. 23 Apr 23 Apr DC VA VA ---------- ----------
McGary, Charles P.M. 25 Apr 25 Apr MD NC NC 27 Jun 1st Lt
Carter, Jonathan 25 Apr 25 Apr NC NC NC 27 Apr 1st Lt
Dunnington, John W. 26 Apr 26 Apr KY KY KY 2 May 1st Lt
Wayne, William A. 1 May 1 May GA GA GA 20 Jun 1st Lt
Maffitt, John N. 2 May 2 May Ire NY GA 8 May 1st Lt
Cooke, James W. 2 May 2 May NC NC NC 11 Jun Lt
Jones, Catesby ap R. 17 Apr 13 May VA VA VA 23 Apr Lt
Maury, William L. 30 Apr 13 May VA VA VA 10 Jun 1st Lt
Kennon, Beverly 23 Apr 13 May VA IN IN 15 Jun Lt
Johnston, James D. 10 Apr 14 May KY KY KY 13 Apr 1st Lt
Harrison, George W. 17 Apr 14 May W.I. VA VA 23 May 1st Lt
Taylor, John S. 18 Apr 14 May VA TN TN no date Lt
Bier, George H. 23 Apr 14 May MD MD MD 13 Nov 1st Lt
Daniels, Joseph D. 23 Apr 14 May MD MD MD ---------- ----------
Webb, William A. 17 May 20 May VA VA VA 10 Jun 1st Lt
Porter, Thomas K. 28 Jun 18 Jul TN TN TN 13 Jul 63 1st Lt
Campbell, William P.A. 8 Sep 19 Sep TN TN TN 17 Sep 1st Lt
Stevens, Henry K. R.O. 30 Sep CT FL FL 26 Nov Lt
Loyall, Benjamin P. R.O. 5 Oct VA IN IN 26 Nov 1st Lt
Butt, Walter R. R.O. 5 Oct VA W.T.# W.T. 8 Jan 62 1st Lt
Myers, Julian R.O. 6 Dec GA GA GA 6 Feb 62 1st Lt
DeBree, Alexander M. R.O. 6 Dec. VA VA VA 5 Aug 62 1st Lt
Forrest, Dulaney A. R.O. 6 Dec MD VA VA 8 Feb 62 1st Lt
Glassell, William T. R.O. 6 Dec. VA VA VA 5 Aug 62 1st Lt
Van Zandt, Nicholas 26 Nov 24 Dec DC DC DC 7 Dec 1st Lt
Waddell, James J. 20 Nov 18 Jan 62 NC NC NC 27 Mar 62 Lt
McArann, Robert M. no date 22 Jan 62 PA PA PA ---------- ----------
 
Resigned-Dismissed(50)              
Taylor, John Wood 2 Apr 2 Apr MN KY LA 4 Oct 1st Lt
Fauntleroy, Charles M. 7 Apr 7 Apr VA MO MO 20 Apr Lt
Sinclair, George T. 16 Apr 16 Apr VA VA VA 20 Apr 1st Lt
Gwathmey, Washington 15 Apr 17 Apr Eng VA VA 20 Apr 1st Lt
Peagram, Robert B. 17 Apr 17 Apr VA VA VA 10 Jun 1st Lt
Sharp, William 17 Apr 17 Apr VA VA VA 10 Jun 1st Lt
Spottswood, Charles F. 18 Apr 18 Apr VA VA VA 10 Jun 1st Lt
Poindexter, Carter B. 18 Apr 18 Apr VA NY NY 10 Jun 1st Lt
Maury, John S. 18 Apr 18 Apr NC NC NC 10 Jun 1st Lt
Rochelle, James H. 19 Apr 19 Apr VA VA VA 6 Jun 1st Lt
Bennett, John W. 19 Apr 19 Apr MD MD MD 20 Jun 1st Lt
Wilkinson, John 6 Apr 20 Apr VA VA VA 10 Jun 1st Lt
Lewis, Henry H. 20 Apr 20 Apr VA KY KY 10 Jun 1st Lt
Parker, William H.* 20 Apr 20 Apr NY VA VA 10 Jun 1st Lt
Powell, William L. 20 Apr 20 Apr VA DC VA 11 Jun 1st Lt
Brooke, John M. 20 Apr 20 Apr FL VA VA 2May Lt


#W.T.--Western Territory

*The younger of two brothers whose father served as a naval officer in the War of 1812, William Harwar Parker won renown as the organizer and first superintendent of the Confederate Naval Academy and as the author of seamanship texts used at that institution. His brother Foxhall Alexander Parker stayed with the Union, held several commands, wrote texts on naval ordnance, and coincidentally served as the superintendent of the U.S. Naval Academy during 1878-1879. The Parker family was typical of many whose relationships were divided by the war.


  Date
Resignation
Tendered2
Date of
Acceptance
or Dismissal3
Origins by State4 Date of
CSN
Appt.
CSN
Rank5
Birth Appointed Citizen
Murphy, Peter U. 21 Apr 21 Apr NC NC NC 24 Jun 1st Lt
Murdough, William H. 21 Apr 21 Apr VA VA VA 24 Jun 1st Lt
Winder, Edward L. 22 Apr 22 Apr MD WI MD 10 Jun 1st Lt
Simms, Charles C. 22 Apr 22 Apr VA VA VA 10 Jun 1st Lt
Minor, Robert D. 22 Apr 22 Apr VA MO MO 10 Jun 1st Lt
Johnston, Oscar D. 22 Apr 22 Apr VA TN TN 16 May Acting Lt
Davidson, Hunter 23 Apr 23 Apr DC VA VA 10 Jun 1st Lt
Brown, Isaac N. 25 Apr 25 Apr KS TN MS 6 Jun Lt
Bent, Silas 25 Apr 25 Apr MO MO MO --------- ----------
Jones, J. Pembroke 29 Apr 29 Apr VA VA VA 2 May 1st Lt
McCorkle, David P. R.O.* 17 May DC PA PA 27 Jun 1st Lt
Lewis, James B. 23 May 23 May VA TN VA --------- ----------
Barney, Joseph N. 4 Jun 4 Jun MD MD MD 2 Jul 1st Lt
Barbot, Alphonse no date 10 Jun LA LA LA 10 Nov Acting Master
Shyrock, George S. 31 May 15 Jun KY KY KY 15 Aug 1st Lt
Hays, Charles W. 21 Jun 25 Jun AL AL AL 9 Jul 1st Lt
Morgan, Van Rensellaer 30 May 28 Jun KY IN OH 18 Jun 1st Lt
Dalton, Hamilton H. 22 Mar 1 Jul NC MS MS 30 Dec 1st Lt
Alexander, Joseph W. 4 Jul 5 Jul NC NC NC 23 Oct 1st Lt
Shepperd, Francis E. 5 Jul 8 Jul NC NC NC 15 Jul 1st Lt
Guthrie, John J. 6 Jul 15 Jul NC NC NC 13 Jul 1st Lt
Ward, William H. 26 May 16 Jul VA VA OH 21 Oct Acting Master
*Refused Oath
 
SURGEONS (69)              
Resigned-Accepted (6)              
Spottswood, W.A.W. 12 Jan 19 Jan VA VA VA
23 Oct 62
Surg
Steele, Thomas B. 21 Apr 29 Apr MD MD MD --------- ----------
Patton, William F. 23 Apr 6 May VA VA VA 10 Jun Surg
Mason, John T. 22 Apr 6 May VA VA VA 10 Jun Surg
Blacknall, George 23 Apr 7 May NC NC NC 14 Jun Surg
Cornick, James 7 Jul 2 Aug VA VA VA 13 Sep Surg
 
Resigned-Dismissed(9)              
Minor, Lewis W. 18 Apr 7 May VA VA VA 10 Jun Surg
McClenahan, Wm. F. 25 Apr 9 May VA VA VA 10 Jun Surg
Sinclair, W. B. 25 Apr 10 May VA VA VA 10 Jun Surg
Mason, Randolph 17 Apr 10 May VA VA VA 14 Jun Surg
Green, Daniel S. 2 May 18 May VA VA VA 20 Jun Surg
Harrison, James F. 15 June 15 June VA VA VA 18 Jun Surg
Jeffery, Richard W. 12 Jul 28 Sep VA VA VA 8 Feb 62 Surg
Page, Wm. M. 16 Jul 10 Oct VA VA VA 28 Aug Surg
Fahs, Charles F. 11 Nov 13 Nov PA PA PA 1 Jan 62 Surg
 
PASSED ASSISTANT SURGEONS (43)              
Resigned-Accepted(6)              
Lynah, Arthur M. 9 Jan 14 Jan SC SC SC 26 Mar Surg
Carrington, Wm. F. 27 Feb 5 Mar VA VA VA 23 Oct Surg
Galt, Francis L. 16 Mar 20 Mar VA VA GA 15 Apr Surg
Ward, John 29 Mar 3 Apr VA VA VA 3 Apr Surg
Phillips, Dinwiddie 18 Apr 6 May VA VA VA 10 Jun Surg


  Date
Resignation
Tendered2
Date of
Acceptance
or Dismissal3
Origins by State4 Date of
CSN
Appt.
CSN
Rank5
Birth Appointed Citizen
Beck, Morris B. 29 Apr 10 May VA VA VA ---------- ----------
 
Resigned-Dismissed(4)              
Williamson, Charles W. 20 Apr 10 May VA VA VA 10 Jun Surg
Wysham, William E. 25 Apr 10 May MD MD MD 10 Jun Surg
Washington, H.W.M. 23 Apr 10 May VA VA VA 18 Jun Surg
Greenhow, J.W.B. 28 Jun 5 Jul GA GA GA 23 Oct Surg
 
ASSISTANT SURGEONS (36)              
 
Resigned-Accepted(3)              
Charlton, Thomas J. 14 Dec 60 18 Dec 60 GA GA GA 2 Apr 62 Asst. Surg
Lining, Charles E. 11 Jun 15 Jan SC SC SC 26 Mar 61 Pasd. Asst. Surg
Sheldon, H. Lawrence no date 6 Jul CT CT CT ---------- ----------
 
Resigned-Dismissed(10)              
Grafton, Joseph D. 20 Apr 2 May MO AR AR 6 Jun Pasd. Asst. Surg
Van Bibber, Frederick 15 Apr 6 May VA MD MD no date Asst. Surg
Lowndes, Charles Jr. 22 Apr 7 May MD MD MD ---------- ----------
Garnett, Algernon S. 22 Apr 10 May VA VA VA 24 Jun Asst. Surg
Green, Bennett W. 2 May 18 May VA VA VA 23 May Asst. Surg
Sanford, John W. Jr. 18 May 29 May NC NC NC 26 Jun Pasd. Asst. Surg
Freeman, Robert J. 22 Apr. 4 Jun VA VA VA 20 Aug Asst. Surg
Christian, Marcellus J. 4 Jul 7 Jul VA VA VA 18 Jul Asst. Surg
Lindsay, James E. 16 Jul 10 Oct NC NC NC 23 Jan 62 Asst. Surg
Hetty, James W. 12 Dec 17 Dec GA GA GA Feb 62 Asst. Surg
 
PAYMASTERS (64)              
Resigned-Accepted(4)              
Kelly, W.W.J. 8 Jan 21 Jan NC FL FL 26 Mar Paymaster
Myers, Henry 29 Jan 1 Feb GA GA GA 26 Mar Paymaster
Nixon, John W. 30 Mar 15 Apr LA LA LA 15 Apr Paymaster
Ritchie, George 29 Apr 29 Apr VA VA VA 11 Oct Paymaster
 
Resigned-Dismissed(9)              
Clark, George W. 2 Apr 2 Apr DC AR AR 13 May Paymaster
Johnston, John C. 20 Apr 20 Apr Ire NC NC ---------- ----------
Allison, Richard T. 20 Apr 6 May KY MD MD 10 May Paym. CSMC
DeBree, John 19 Apr 1 Jun NJ PA VA 10 Jun Paymaster
Harwood, James K. 31 May 1 Jun MD MD MD 8 Feb Paymaster
Morris, Miles H. + 1 Jun TN MS MS ---------- ----------
Senac, Felix 1 Apr 11 Jun FL FL FL 22 Jul Paymaster
Ware, Thomas R. Jun 13 Jun VA MD VA 12 Jun Paymaster
Semple, James A. 19 May 15 Jul VA VA VA 10 Jun Paymaster
 
MASTERS IN LINE OF PROMOTION (37)              
Resigned-Accepted(4)              
Mills, Thomas B. 16 Jan 16 Jan LA AL AL 28 Mar Master
Evans, William E. 20 Dec 60 2 Feb SC SC SC 26 Mar 1st Lt
Kerr, William A. 24 Apr 24 Apr NC NC NC 2 May Acting Lt
Whittle, William C. 20 Apr 15 May VA VA VA 16 Jun Acting Master
 
Resigned-Dismissed
None


+Did not reply to Navy Dept. letters.


  Date
Resignation
Tendered2
Date of
Acceptance
or Dismissal3
Origins by State4 Date of
CSN
Appt.
CSN
Rank5
Birth Appointed Citizen
MASTERS NOT IN LINE
OF PROMOTION (37)
             
Resigned-Accepted (2)              
Pearson, John 15 Jan 22 Jan VA FL FL 16 Apr Master, NLP
Young, H.A.F. 20 Apr 15 May Eng VA VA no date Master
 
Resigned-Dismissed              
None              
 
CHAPLAINS (24)              
Resigned-Accepted1)              
Thomas, Charles W. 22 Jan 22 Jan Wales GA GA ---------- ----------
 
Resigned-Dismissed              
None              
PROFESSOR OF MATHEMATICS (12)              
Resigned-Accepted              
None              
 
Resigned-Dismissed (2)              
Lawrence, Alex W. 22 Apr 22 Apr NC NC NC ---------- ----------
Robinson, William 9 Aug 15 Aug NC NC NC ---------- ----------
 
MIDSHIPMEN (55)              
Resigned-Accepted (3)              
Grimball, John 20 Dec 60 24 Dec 60 SC SC SC 16 Apr 61 Midn
Read, Charles W. 19 Jan 4 Feb MS MS MS 13 Apr Act. Midn.
Hall, Wilburn B. 15 Feb 7 Mar SC LA GA 16 Apr Midn
 
Resigned-Dismissed (12)              
Read, Edmund G. 1 May 1 May VA VA VA 11 Jun Act. Midn.
Dornin, Thomas L. 4 Jun 4 Jun VA VA VA 24 Jun Midn.
Hoole, James L. 4 Jun 4 Jun AL AL AL 22 Jun Act. Midn.
Hoge, Francis L. 4 Jun 4 Jun VA VA VA 25 Jun Midn.
Averett, Samuel W. 8 May 5 Jun VA VA VA 28 Aug Act. Master
Tayloe, James L 4 Jul 5 Jul VA VA VA 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Hackett, Samuel H. 9 Jun 18 Jul PA PA PA ---------- ----------
Borchert, George A. 19 Jul 24 Jul GA GA GA 25 Jul Midn.
Harrison, Thomas L. 20 Jun 26 Jul VA VA VA 12 Aug Midn.
Claiborne, Henry B. 19 Aug 24 Aug LA LA LA 25 Jul Master
Cenas, Hilary 19 Aug 24 Aug LA LA LA 24 Dec Act. Lt.
Wharton, Arthur D. 24 Aug 26 Aug AL TN TN 24 Sep Act. Master
 
ACTING MIDSHIPMEN (267)              
Resigned-Accepted (111)              
Foute, Robert C. 3 Dec 60 4 Dec 60 TN TN TN 11 Jun Act. Midn.
Bacot, Richard H. 10 Dec 60 11 Dec 60 SC SC SC 16 May Act. Midn.
Walker, John T. 15 Dec 60 17 Dec 60 SC SC SC 15 May Act. Midn.
Wilkinson, William W. 22 Dec 60 24 Dec 60 SC SC SC 15 Jun Act. Midn.
Haward, Ochran H. 9 Jan 10 Jan MA MA MA ---------- ----------
Rournoy, Robert 10 Jan 12 Jan GA GA GA 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Smith, Napoleon 14 Jan 16 Jan MO AL AL ---------- ----------
Stone, Sardine G. Jr. 14 Jan 16 Jan AL AL AL 13 Apr Act. Midn.
Roby, Francis M. 14 Jan 16 Jan AL MS MS 8 May Act. Midn.


  Date
Resignation
Tendered2
Date of
Acceptance
or Dismissal3
Origins by State4 Date of
CSN
Appt.
CSN
Rank5
Birth Appointed Citizen
Price, John R.                                         14 Jan 16 Jan AL AL AL 12 Jun Act. Midn.
Robinson, Wm. F. 14 Jan 16 Jan AL AL AL 12 Jul Act. Midn.
Baldwin, James G. 14 Jan 16 Jan MS MS MS 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Holcombe, Isaac C. 17 Jan 19 Jan GA GA GA 16May Act. Midn.
Hill, Hugh L. 17 Jan 19 Jan GA GA GA ---------- ----------
Payne, Robert 21 Jan 22 Jan MO MO MO ---------- ----------
Merriwether, James A. 14 Jan 22 Jan GA GA GA 16 May Act. Midn.
Moses, Raphael J. Jr. 22 Jan 23 Jan FL GA GA 8 Jul Act. Midn.
McClintoc, Horatio G. 22 Jan 24 Jan IL AL AL 13 Jun Midn.
Pinckney, William E. 24 Jan 25 Jan LA LA LA 8 May Act. Midn.
Carter, Barron 21 Jan 25 Jan GA GA GA 19 Jun Master's Mate
Berrien, Thomas M. 21 Jan 26 Jan GA GA GA 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Moody, David 26 Jan 29 Jan OH OH OH ---------- ----------
Armstrong, Richard F. 28 Jan 30 Jan GA GA GA 17 Apr Midn.
Comstock, Wm. Van 28 Jan 30 Jan LA LA LA 25 Apr Act. Midn.
Comstock, John H. 29 Jan 30 Jan LA AR AR 4 May Midn.
Carnes, William W. 3 Feb 13 Feb TN TN TN 7 Jan 64 CSA/2nd Lt.
Goodwyn, Matthew P. Feb 13 Feb VA VA VA 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Ingraham, John H. 10 Feb 14 Feb SC SC SC 23 Apr Midn.
Scales, Dabney M. 13 Feb 18 Feb VA MS MS 16 May Act. Midn.
Garrett, Thomas G. 23 Feb 26 Feb AL AL AL 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Reber, John M. 24 Fcb 26 Feb PA PA PA ---------- ----------
Wilson, Joseph D. 9 Mar 5 Mar FL FL FL 17 Apr Act. Midn.
Holden, John F. 5 Mar 7 Mar TN TN TN May Midn.
Hicks, William A. 5 Mar 7 Mar MS MS MS 17 Apr Midn.
Lee, William Piercy 9 Mar 11 Mar MD NY NY ---------- ----------
Hudgins, Albert G. 9 Mar 11 Mar VA VA VA 15 Apr Midn.
Dougherty, Harvey H. 7 Mar 11 Mar KY KY KY ---------- ----------
Dalton, William R. 8 Mar 11 Mar AL MS MS 12 Jun Act. Midn.
Bryan, George D. 11 Mar 12 Mar SC SC SC 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Appleton, Giles F. no date* 15 Mar NH NH NH ---------- ----------
Daniels, Charles H. 12 Mar 15 Mar NY NY NY ---------- ----------
AhI, James W. no date 15 Mar PA PA PA ---------- ----------
Fortune, John C. no date 15 Mar PA PA PA ---------- ----------
Willet, Silas S. 13 Mar 15 Mar NY NY NY ---------- ----------
Young, William W. no date 15 Mar PA PA PA ---------- ----------
Hopkins, John A. 13 Mar 15 Mar MI MI MI ---------- ----------
Heath, Benjamin 13 Mar 15 Mar MA MA MA ---------- ----------
Fagan, Louis no date 15 Mar PA PA PA ---------- ----------
Guthrie, Edward P. 13 Mar 15 Mar PA PA PA ---------- ----------
Dick, James A. 13 Mar 15 Mar IN IN IN ---------- ----------
Carmody, Robert E. no date 15 Mar NY NY NY ---------- ----------
Hivling, Wm. H. 12 Mar 18 Mar OH OH OH ---------- ----------
Marmaduke, Henry 12 Mar 18 Mar MO MO MO 8 May Midn.
Ruggles, Edward S. 12 Mar 18 Mar MI WT. W.T. 15 Nov 62 Act. Midn.
Telfair, David A. 12 Mar 18 Mar NC NC NC ---------- ----------
Osterloh, William C. 13 Mar 18 Mar PA PA PA 23 May Act. Midn.


*Letters of resignation from several Acting Midshipmen not found. In some cases their fathers submitted resignations for them. In others, the Superintendent of the Naval Academy only submitted a list of resignations to the Secretary of the Navy.


  Date
Resignation
Tendered2
Date of
Acceptance
or Dismissal3
Origins by State4 Date of
CSN
Appt.
CSN
Rank5
Birth Appointed Citizen
Ames, William L.                                         13 Mar 18 Mar NY MN MN ---------- ----------
Livingston, John S. 13 Mar 18 Mar MN MN MN ---------- ----------
Washington, Leroy H. 16 Mar 18 Mar GA GA GA 3 Aug Act. Midn.
Williams, Henri S.H. 13 Mar 18 Mar NC NC NC 14 Sep Act. Midn.
Heath, Lucius E. no date 19 Mar MA MA MA ---------- ----------
Cushing, William B. no date 23 Mar WI NY NY ---------- ----------
Meyer, Cassius 5 Apr 9 Apr MS MS MS 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Blake, H.J. no date 13 Apr -------- -------- -------- ---------- ----------
Fisk, James E. no date 16 Apr VT VT VT 14 Jun Midn.
Morgan, James M . 13 Apr 16 Apr LA LA LA 8 Jun Act. Midn.
McDermott, Edward J. 16 Apr 18 Apr AR TX TX 16 May Act. Midn.
Moore, Thomas L. 19 Apr 19 Apr NC NC NC 12 Jun Act. Midn.
Howard, George A. 19 Apr 19 Apr TN TN TN 10 Apr 62 Act. Midn.
Mason, William P. 19 Apr 19 Apr VA VA VA 11 Jun Act. Midn.
Holt, Henry C. 20 Apr 20 Apr TN TN TN 23 May Act. Midn.
Benton, Mortimer M. 20 Apr 20 Apr KY KY KY 12 Mar 62 Act. Midn.
Trigg, Daniel 20 Apr 20 Apr VA VA VA 11 Jun Act. Midn.
Chew, Francis T. 20 Apr 20 Apr VA VA VA 11 Jun Act. Midn.
Claybrook, Joseph P. 20 Apr 20 Apr MO MO MO 23 Jul 62 Act. Midn.
Beirne, Andrew P. 20 Apr 20 Apr VA VA VA 24 Jun Act. Midn.
Hutter, William C. 20 Apr 20 Apr VA VA VA 21 Jun Act. Midn.
Camm, Robert A. no date 20 Apr VA VA VA 21 Jun Act. Midn.
Floyd, Richard S. no date 20 Apr GA TN TN 16 May Act. Midn:
Carroll, Daniel 20 Apr 20 Apr MD MD MD 23 Jul Midn.
Peters, J.A. no date 15 May TN TN AR ---------- -----------
Long, James C. 9 May 15 May TN TN TN 3 Jul Act. Midn.
Peyton, Joseph B. 11 May 15 May TN TN TN ---------- ----------
Spencer, Julian M. no date 16 May MD MD MD 1 Jun 62 1st Lt
King, Charles K. no date 16 May VA DC DC 15 Jun Midn.
Jackson, William C. no date 20 Apr VA VA VA 11 Jun Act. Midn.
Read, William W. no date 23 Apr NC VA VA 11 Jun Act. Midn.
Gardner, Joseph M. no date 23 Apr VA VA VA 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Sevier, Charles F. no date 23 Apr TN TN TN 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Wright, Augustus O. no date 23 Apr AL AL AL 7 Dec Act. Midn.
Sturdivant, Theodore no date 24 Apr NC NC NC ---------- ----------
Foreman, Ivey 21 Apr 24 Apr NC NC NC 6 Oct Act. Midn.
Mason, Alexander M. no date 24 Apr DC MN MN 23 May Act. Midn.
Worth, Algernon S. no date 25 Apr VA NY NY 11 Jun Act. Midn.
Littlepage, H. Beverly no date 25 Apr VA VA VA 11 Jun Act. Midn.
Stafford, James M. no date 25 Apr NC NC NC 16 Jul Act. Midn.
Cook, Henry S. no date 25 Apr VA VA VA 12 Jun Act. Midn.
McDaniel, Henry C. 25 Apr 25 Apr TN TN TN 26 Jun Act. Midn.
Pearson, James M. 25 Apr 25 Apr TN TN TN 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Carroll, William J. no date 25 Apr MD AR AR 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Mayo, Wyndam R. no date 25 Apr VA VA VA 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Browne, Orris A. no date 25 Apr VA VA VA 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Vaughan, Henry L. no date 25 Apr LA LA LA 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Sparks, Gale W. no date 25 Apr LA LA LA 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Good, William D. no date 25 Apr SC SC SC 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Phelps, Jefferson 15 Apr 24 May VA KY KY 8 Jul Act. Midn.
Pipkin, William M. 29 May 3 Jun MO MO MO ---------- ----------


  Date
Resignation
Tendered2
Date of
Acceptance
or Dismissal3
Origins by State4 Date of
CSN
Appt.
CSN
Rank5
Birth Appointed Citizen
Evans, R. no date 14 Jun ----- ----- ----- ------- ----------
English, Gustavus 15 Jul 19 Jul PA NJ NJ ---------- ----------
Craig, William J. 6 Aug 12 Aug KY KY KY 28 Aug Act. Midn.
Schulz, Charles L. no date 12 Nov Ger NY NY ---------- ----------
 
Resigned-Dismissed              
None              
BOATSWAINS (43)              
Resigned-Accepted              
None              
 
Resigned-Dismissed (2)              
Hasker, Charles H. 4 Jun 4 Jun Eng VA VA 11 Jun Boatswain
Miller, James M. 28 May 12 Jun MA MA MA ---------- ----------
GUNNERS (47)              
Resigned-Accepted              
None              
 
Resigned-Dismissed (4)              
Oliver, Charles B. 21 Apr 21 Apr MA VA VA 11 Jun Gunner
Moran, Charles no date 22 May NY DC DC ---------- ----------
Owens, John no date May MD VA VA 11 Jun Gunner
Lovatt, John A. 4 Jun 4 Jun MA VA VA 20 Jun Gunner
 
CARPENTERS (45)              
Resigned-Accepted (3)              
Knight, William 22 Apr 22 Apr ME VA VA 15 Jun Carpenter
Kinnear, James 5 Sep 30 Oct NY NY NY ---------- ----------
 
Resigned-Dismissed (5)              
Holmes, Lewis no date 29 May ME NH NH ---------- ----------
Bain, Robert M. no date 4 Jun VA VA VA ---------- ----------
Williams, Edward 10 Jul 12 Jul VA VA VA 26 Jul Carpenter
Thomas, Henry G. 25 Jul 27 Jul VA VA VA 16 Sep Act. Carpenter
Hoover, John B. 22 Sep 25 Sep -------- -------- NY ---------- ----------
SAILMAKERS (40)              
Resigned-Accepted (3)              
Turner, Samuel V. 15 Apr 18 Apr VA VA VA 11 Jun Sailmaker
Bennett, William 20 Apr 20 Apr VA VA VA 11 Jun Sailmaker
Wightman, George A. 23 Aug 3 Oct DC VA VA ---------- ----------
 
Resigned-Dismissed (3)              
Mahmey, William M. 4 Jun 4 Jun DC VA VA 29 Jun Sailmaker
Boutwell, Samuel H. 13 Jun 17 Jun VA VA VA ---------- ----------
Blackford, George D. no date 5 Jul NJ DC DC ---------- ----------
 
CHIEF ENGINEERS (28)                                                      
Resigned-Accepted (I)              
Archibold, Samuel 10 Mar 25 Mar Ire VA VA 10 Jun Ch. Engineer
 
Resigned-Dismissed (4)              
Williamson, Wm. P. R.O. 6 May VA VA VA 11 Jun Engineer


  Date
Resignation
Tendered2
Date of
Acceptance
or Dismissal3
Origins by State4 Date of
CSN
Appt.
CSN
Rank5
Birth Appointed Citizen
Jackson, Thomas A. 22 Apr 6 May DC VA VA 11 Jun Chief Engr.
Patterson, Nathaniel P. no date 10 Jun PA PA PA ---------- ----------
Warner, James H. 6 Jul 8 Jul OH VA OH 18 Jul Chief Engr.
 
1ST ASSISTANT ENGINEERS (43)              
Resigned-Accepted (1)              
Alexander, George W. 5 Apr 1 May PA PA PA ---------- ----------
 
Resigned-Dismissed (7)              
Stump, T.B.C. no date 20 Apr MD MD MD ---------- ----------
Manning, Edward W. 29 Apr 6 May VA VA VA 14 Jun 1st Asst. Engr.
Ramsay, Henry A. R.O. 6 May DC DC DC 19 Jun Engineer
Schraeder, Charles 2 May 18 May VA VA VA 20 Jun 1st Asst. Engr.
Potts, Richard C. 6 Jun 15 Jun DC DC DC ---------- ----------
Freeman, Virginius 6 Jul 8 Jul VA VA VA 16 Jul Chief Engr.
City, George W. 27 Jul 1 Aug DC VA VA 29 Aug 1st Asst. Engr.
 
2ND ASSISTANT ENGINEERS (29)              
Resigned-Accepted (3)              
Lining, George O. no date 18 Apr SC SC SC 26 Aug 1st Asst. Engr.@
Campbell, Loudon no date 6 May VA VA VA 17 Jun 2nd Asst. Engr.
Wright, James D. no date 16 Oct. VA VA VA ---------- ----------
 
Resigned-Dismissed (4)              
Tynan, John W. 20 Apr 6 May VA VA VA 15 Jun 2nd Asst. Engr.
Jordon, Marshal P. 25 Apr 30 May VA VA VA 6 Jul 1st Asst. Engr.
Levy, Charles H.+ 29 Jun 9 Jul VA VA VA 2 Jul 1st Asst. Engr.@
Copeland, Robert W. 16 Sep 19 Sep MD PA -------- ---------- ----------
 
3RD ASSISTANT ENGINEERS (92)                                                  
Resigned-Accepted (5)              
Plunkett, James no date 6 Feb PA DE DE ---------- ----------
Tennent, George W. no date 6 Feb PA PA PA 22 Mar 62 3rd Asst. Engr.@
Miller, William 28 May 5 Aug VA VA VA ---------- ----------
Lawrence, Henry W. --------- 9 Nov -------- -------- -------- ---------- ----------
Fuller, William H. --------- 16 Nov -------- -------- -------- ---------- ----------
 
Resigned-Dismissed (7)              
Patten, Edwin C. no date 8 Jan NY NY NY 8 Oct 2nd Asst. Engr.@
Jordon, Charles 25 Apr 6 May VA VA VA 11 Jun 3rd Asst. Engr.
Tucker, John T. 25 Apr 6 May VA VA VA 11 Jun 3rd Asst. Engr.
Wright, Henry X. 29 Apr 6 May VA VA VA 11 Jun 2nd Asst. Engr.
Dick, Edward L. 10 May 28 May NC PA NC 19 Aug 63 2nd Asst. Engr.@
Herring, Benjamin 5 Jul 8 Jul NC VA NC 23 Jul 3rd Asst. Engr.@
Fagan, Henry 5 Jul 8 Jul FL DC FL 23 Jul 2nd Asst. Engr.@
U.S. MARINE CORPS (63)              
COLONEL COMMANDANT (1)              
GENERAL STAFF (4)              
Resigned-Accepted
None              


+ erroneously listed in Navy Registers as Charles W. Leroy---no such person held this rank at the time.

@ Officer's rank designated as Acting, a temporary commission.


  Date
Resignation
Tendered2
Date of
Acceptance
or Dismissal3
Origins by State4 Date of
CSN
Appt.
CSN
Rank5
Birth Appointed Citizen
Resigned-Dismissed (1)              
Tyler, Henry B. (Major) 1 May 4 May VA VA VA 18 Jun Lt. Col
 
LIEUTENANT COLONELS (1)              
 
MAJORS (4)              
 
Resigned-Accepted              
None              
 
Resigned-Dismissed              
None              
 
CAPTAINS 13)              
 
Resigned-Accepted              
None              
 
Resigned-Dismissed (5)              
Terrett, George H. 21 Apr 6 May VA VA VA 20 Jun Major
Taylor, Algernon S. 25 Apr 6 May VA VA VA 3 Dec Captain
Rich, Jabez C. did not rpt. 23 May ME ME ME 20 Apr Captain
Simms, John D. 5 Jul 8 Jul VA DC VA 15 Jul Captain
Tansill, Robert 17 May 24 Aug VA VA VA 22 Jan 62 Captain
 
FIRST LIEUTENANTS (20)              
 
Resigned-Accepted (3)              
Read, Jacob 27 Feb 28 Feb GA GA GA 6 Mar Captain
Holmes, George no date 28 Feb ME FL FL 29 Mar Captain
Hays, Andrews J. no date 1 Mar AL AL AL 29 Mar Captain
 
Resigned-Dismissed (8)              
Meire, Julius E. 23 Apr 6 May CN CN DC 8 May 1st Lt
Green, Israel 17 May 18 May NY WS WS 30 Jul Captain
Baker, Adam N. did not rpt. 23 May PA FL NH 6 Jun 1st Lt
Tyler, Henry B. Jr no date 21 Jun DC DC DC 20 Aug 1st Lt
Turner, George P. 24 Jun 25 Jun VA VA VA 9 Jul 1st Lt
Wilson, Thomas S. R.O. 24 Aug TN MO MO 24 Jan 62 1st Lt
Stark, Alex. W. 24 Sep 17 Oct VA VA VA ---------- CSA
Tattnall, John P.H. 19 Nov 22 Nov CN GA GA 22 Jan 62 Captain
 
SECOND LIEUTENANTS (20)              
 
Resigned-Accepted (3)              
Sayers, Calvin L. no date 14 Feb AL AL AL no date 1st Lt
Howell, Becket K. no date 1 Mar MS LA LA 29 Mar 1st Lt
Ingraham, Henry L. no date 8 Mar SC SC SC 29 Mar 1st Lt
 
Resigned-Dismissed              
None in 1861              

Reference: Department of the Navy, Naval History & Heritage Command, 805 Kidder Breese SE, Washington Navy Yard, Washington D.C., 20374-5060

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Recommended Reading: A History of the Confederate Navy (Hardcover). From Publishers Weekly: One of the most prominent European scholars of the Civil War weighs in with a provocative revisionist study of the Confederacy's naval policies. For 27 years, University of Genoa history professor Luraghi (The Rise and Fall of the Plantation South) explored archival and monographic sources on both sides of the Atlantic to develop a convincing argument that the deadliest maritime threat to the South was not, as commonly thought, the Union's blockade but the North's amphibious and river operations. Confederate Navy Secretary Stephen Mallory, the author shows, thus focused on protecting the Confederacy's inland waterways and controlling the harbors vital for military imports. Continued below…

As a result, from Vicksburg to Savannah to Richmond, major Confederate ports ultimately were captured from the land and not from the sea, despite the North's overwhelming naval strength. Luraghi highlights the South's ingenuity in inventing and employing new technologies: the ironclad, the submarine, the torpedo. He establishes, however, that these innovations were the brainchildren of only a few men, whose work, although brilliant, couldn't match the resources and might of a major industrial power like the Union. Nor did the Confederate Navy, weakened through Mallory's administrative inefficiency, compensate with an effective command system. Enhanced by a translation that retains the verve of the original, Luraghi's study is a notable addition to Civil War maritime history. Includes numerous photos.

 

Recommended Reading: The Confederate Navy in Europe. Description: The Confederate Navy in Europe is an account of the Confederate officers and officials who went on missions to Britain and France to buy ships for the CS Navy, and to support CSN operations on the high seas, such as commerce raiding. Spencer tells the story of how some officers rose to the occasion (some did not) and did a lot with limited resources. The majority of the ships ordered never reached America. Shipbuilding takes time, and as the war dragged on the European powers were persuaded by Confederate battlefield misfortunes and US diplomatic pressure that it was most expedient to deny the sales of such innovative designs as ocean-going ironclads. Like other out-manned and out-gunned powers, the CSA did have to resort to ingenuity and innovation.

 

Recommended Reading: Lincoln and His Admirals (Hardcover). Description: Abraham Lincoln began his presidency admitting that he knew "little about ships," but he quickly came to preside over the largest national armada to that time, not eclipsed until World War I. Written by prize-winning historian Craig L. Symonds, Lincoln and His Admirals unveils an aspect of Lincoln's presidency unexamined by historians until now, revealing how he managed the men who ran the naval side of the Civil War, and how the activities of the Union Navy ultimately affected the course of history. Continued below…

Beginning with a gripping account of the attempt to re-supply Fort Sumter--a comedy of errors that shows all too clearly the fledgling president's inexperience--Symonds traces Lincoln's steady growth as a wartime commander-in-chief. Absent a Secretary of Defense, he would eventually become de facto commander of joint operations along the coast and on the rivers. That involved dealing with the men who ran the Navy: the loyal but often cranky Navy Secretary Gideon Welles, the quiet and reliable David G. Farragut, the flamboyant and unpredictable Charles Wilkes, the ambitious ordnance expert John Dahlgren, the well-connected Samuel Phillips Lee, and the self-promoting and gregarious David Dixon Porter. Lincoln was remarkably patient; he often postponed critical decisions until the momentum of events made the consequences of those decisions evident. But Symonds also shows that Lincoln could act decisively. Disappointed by the lethargy of his senior naval officers on the scene, he stepped in and personally directed an amphibious assault on the Virginia coast, a successful operation that led to the capture of Norfolk. The man who knew "little about ships" had transformed himself into one of the greatest naval strategists of his age. A unique and riveting portrait of Lincoln and the admirals under his command, this book offers an illuminating account of Lincoln and the nation at war. In the bicentennial year of Lincoln's birth, it offers a memorable portrait of a side of his presidency often overlooked by historians.

 

Recommended Reading: Lincoln's Navy: The Ships, Men and Organization, 1861-65 (Hardcover). Review: Naval historian Donald L. Canney provides a good overview of the U.S. Navy during the Civil War, describing life at sea, weapons, combat, tactics, leaders, and of course, the ships themselves. He reveals the war as a critical turning point in naval technology, with ironclads (such as the Monitor) demonstrating their superiority to wooden craft and seaborne guns (such as those developed by John Dahlgren) making important advances. The real reason to own this oversize book, however, is for the images: more than 200 of them, including dozens of contemporary photographs of the vessels that fought to preserve the Union. There are maps and portraits, too; this fine collection of pictures brings vividness to its subject that can't be found elsewhere.

 

Recommended Reading: Civil War Navies, 1855-1883 (The U.S. Navy Warship Series) (Hardcover). Description: Civil War Warships, 1855-1883 is the second in the five-volume US Navy Warships encyclopedia set. This valuable reference lists the ships of the U.S. Navy and Confederate Navy during the Civil War and the years immediately following - a significant period in the evolution of warships, the use of steam propulsion, and the development of ordnance. Civil War Warships provides a wealth and variety of material not found in other books on the subject and will save the reader the effort needed to track down information in multiple sources. Continued below…

Each ship's size and time and place of construction are listed along with particulars of naval service. The author provides historical details that include actions fought, damage sustained, prizes taken, ships sunk, and dates in and out of commission as well as information about when the ship left the Navy, names used in other services, and its ultimate fate. 140 photographs, including one of the Confederate cruiser Alabama recently uncovered by the author further contribute to this indispensable volume. This definitive record of Civil War ships updates the author's previous work and will find a lasting place among naval reference works.

 

Recommended Reading: Naval Strategies of the Civil War: Confederate Innovations and Federal Opportunism. Description: One of the most overlooked aspects of the American Civil War is the naval strategy played out by the U.S. Navy and the fledgling Confederate Navy, which may make this the first book to compare and contrast the strategic concepts of the Southern Secretary of the Navy Stephen R. Mallory against his Northern counterpart, Gideon Welles. Both men had to accomplish much and were given great latitude in achieving their goals. Mallory's vision of seapower emphasized technological innovation and individual competence as he sought to match quality against the Union Navy's (quantity) numerical superiority. Welles had to deal with more bureaucratic structure and to some degree a national strategy dictated by the White House. Continued below...

The naval blockade of the South was one of his first tasks - for which he had but few ships available - and although he followed the national strategy, he did not limit himself to it when opportunities arose. Mallory's dedication to ironclads is well known, but he also defined the roles of commerce raiders, submarines, and naval mines. Welles's contributions to the Union effort were rooted in his organizational skills and his willingness to cooperate with the other military departments of his government. This led to successes through combined army and naval units in several campaigns on and around the Mississippi River.

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