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American Civil War Generals from West Point

This is a list of the General Officers - Union and Confederate - who were graduates of the United States Military Academy at West Point. A Blue or Gray dot indicates whether the General fought for the Union or the Confederacy, and this is followed by the order in which he was graduated.

Graduates

Class of 1805 - 3 graduated

TOTTEN, Joseph Gilbert 3

Class of 1814 - 30 graduated

RIPLEY, James Wolfe 12
THRUSTON, Charles Mynn 15

Class of 1815 - 40 graduated

COOPER, Samuel 36

Class of 1817 - 19 graduated

HITCHCOCK, Ethan Allen 17

Class of 1818 - 23 graduated

DELAFIELD, Richard 1

Class of 1819 - 29 graduated

TYLER, Daniel 14

Class of 1820 - 30 graduated

WINDER, John Henry 11
RAMSAY, George Douglas 26

Class of 1822 - 40 graduated

MANSFIELD, Joseph King Fenno 2
TRIMBLE, Isaac Ridgeway 17
WRIGHT, George 24
HUNTER, David 25
MCCALL, George Archibald 26
ABERCROMBIE, John Joseph 37

Class of 1823 - 35 graduated

GREENE, George Sears 2
THOMAS, Lorenzo 17

Class of 1825 - 37 graduated

DONELSON, Daniel Smith 5
HUGER, Benjamin 8
ANDERSON, Robert 15
SMITH, Charles Ferguson 19
MONTGOMERY, William Reading 28

Class of 1826 - 41 graduated

JOHNSTON, Albert Sidney 8
HEINTZELMAN, Samuel Peter 17
GRAYSON, John Breckinridge 22
EATON, Amos Beebe 36
CASEY, Silas 39

Class of 1827 - 38 graduated

BUFORD, Napoleon Bonaparte 6
POLK, Leonidas 8
RAINS, Gabriel James 13
COOKE, Philip St George 23

Class of 1828 - 33 graduated

MERCER, Hugh Weedon 3
DRAYTON, Thomas Fenwick 28

Class of 1829 - 46 graduated

LEE, Robert Edward 2
BARNES, James 5
BUCKINGHAM, Catharinus Putnam 6
JOHNSTON, Joseph Eggleston 13
MITCHEL, Ormsby MacKnight 15
DAVIES, Thomas Alfred 25
BLANCHARD, Albert Gallatin 26
HOLMES, Theophilus Hunter 44

Class of 1830 - 42 graduated

PENDLETON, William Nelson 5
MAGRUDER, John Bankhead 15
BUCHANAN, Robert Christie 31

Class of 1831 - 33 graduated

AMMEN, Jacob 12
HUMPHREYS, Andrew Atkinson 13
EMORY, William Hemsley 14
MCKEAN, Thomas Jefferson 19
NORTHROP, Lucius Bellinger 22
VAN CLEVE, Horatio Phillips 24
CURTIS, Samuel Ryan 27

Class of 1832 - 45 graduated

COCKE, Philip St George 6
KEYES, Erasmus Darwin 10
CRITTENDEN, George Bibb 26
MARCY, Randolph Barnes 29
GATLIN, Richard Caswell 35
MARSHALL, Humphrey 42

Class of 1833 - 43 graduated

BARNARD, John Gross 2
CULLUM, George Washington 3
KING, Rufus 4
ALVORD, Benjamin 22
WESSELLS, Henry Walton 29
RUGGLES, Daniel 34

Class of 1834 - 36 graduated

PAUL, Gabriel René 18
BRYAN, Goode 25

Class of 1835 - 56 graduated

MORELL, George Webb 1
MARTINDALE, John Henry 3
STOKES, James Hughes 17
MEADE, George Gordon 19
NAGLEE, Henry Morris 23
PRINCE, Henry 30
HAUPT, Herman 31
WITHERS, Jones Mitchell 44
PATRICK, Marsena Rudolph 48
ROBERTS, Benjamin Stone 53

Class of 1836 - 49 graduated

LEADBETTER, Danville 3
ANDERSON, Joseph Reid 4
MEIGS, Montgomery Cunningham 5
WOODBURY, Daniel Phineas 6
SHERMAN, Thomas West 18
LOCKWOOD, Henry Hayes 22
PHELPS, John Wolcott 24
ALLEN, Robert 33
TILGHMAN, Lloyd 46

Class of 1837 - 50 graduated

BENHAM, Henry Washington 1
BRAGG, Braxton 5
DYER, Alexander Brydie 6
MACKALL, William Whann 8
SCAMMON, Eliakim Parker 9
ARNOLD, Lewis Golding 10
VODGES, Israel 11
WILLIAMS, Thomas 12
EARLY, Jubal Anderson 18
FRENCH, William Henry 22
SEDGWICK, John 24
PEMBERTON, John Clifford 27
HOOKER, Joseph 29
ELZEY (JONES), Arnold 33
TODD, John Blair Smith 39
WALKER, William Henry Talbot 46
CHILTON, Robert Hall 48

Class of 1838 - 45 graduated

BEAUREGARD, Pierre Gustave Toutant 2
TRAPIER, James Heyward 3
WAYNE, Henry Constantine 14
BARRY, William Farquhar 17
MCDOWELL, Irvin 23
HARDEE, William Joseph 26
GRANGER, Robert Seaman 28
SIBLEY, Henry Hopkins 31
JOHNSON, Edward 32
REYNOLDS, Alexander Welch 35
SMITH, Andrew Jackson 36
MCKINSTRY, Justus 40
STEVENSON, Carter Littlepage 42

Class of 1839 - 31 graduated

STEVENS, Isaac Ingalls 1
HALLECK, Henry Wager 3
GILMER, Jeremy Francis 4
HASKIN, Joseph Abel 10
LAWTON, Alexander Robert 13
RICKETTS, James Brewerton 16
ORD, Edward Otho Cresap 17
HUNT, Henry Jackson 19
PAINE, Eleazar Arthur 24
CANBY, Edward Richard Sprigg 30

Class of 1840 - 42 graduated

HÉBERT, Paul Octave 1
SHERMAN, William Tecumseh 6
VAN VLIET, Stewart 9
MCCOWN, John Porter 10
THOMAS, George Henry 12
EWELL, Richard Stoddert 13
MARTIN, James Green 14
GETTY, George Washington 15
HAYS, William 18
JOHNSON, Bushrod Rust 23
STEELE, William 31
JORDAN, Thomas 41

Class of 1841 - 52 graduated

TOWER, Zealous Bates 1
WRIGHT, Horatio Gouverneur 2
WHIPPLE, Amiel Weeks 5
GORGAS, Josiah 6
HOWE, Albion Parris 8
LYON, Nathaniel 11
JONES, Samuel 19
PLUMMER, Joseph Bennett 22
BRANNAN, John Milton 23
HAMILTON, Schuyler 24
REYNOLDS, John Fulton 26
GARNETT, Robert Seldon 27
GARNETT, Richard Brooke 29
SEARS, Claudius Wistar 31
BUELL, Don Carlos 32
SULLY, Alfred 34
RICHARDSON, Israel Bush 38
JONES, John Marshall 39
BROOKS, William Thomas Harbaugh 46
BUFORD, Abraham 51

Class of 1842 - 56 graduated

EUSTIS, Henry Lawrence 1
NEWTON, John 2
ROSECRANS, William Starke 5
SMITH, Gustavus Woodson 8
LOVELL, Mansfield 9
STEWART, Alexander Peter 12
SMITH, Martin Luther 16
POPE, John 17
WILLIAMS, Seth 23
DOUBLEDAY, Abner 24
HILL, Daniel Harvey 28
DANA, Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh 29
SYKES, George 39
ANDERSON, Richard Heron 40
MCLAWS, Lafayette 48
VAN DORN, Earl 52
LONGSTREET, James 54

Class of 1843 - 39 graduated

FRANKLIN, William Buel 1
QUINBY, Isaac Ferdinand 6
RIPLEY, Roswell Sabine 7
PECK, John James 8
REYNOLDS, Joseph Jones 10
HARDIE, James Allen 11
FRENCH, Samuel Gibbs 14
AUGUR, Christopher Columbus 16
GARDNER, Franklin 17
GRANT, Ulysses Simpson 21
POTTER, Joseph Haydn 22
HAMILTON, Charles Smith 26
STEELE, Frederick 30
INGALLS, Rufus 32
DENT, Frederick Tracy 33
JUDAH, Henry Moses 35

Class of 1844 - 25 graduated

FROST, Daniel Marsh 4
PLEASONTON, Alfred 7
BUCKNER, Simon Bolivar 11
HANCOCK, Winfield Scott 18
HAYS, Alexander 20

Class of 1845 - 41 graduated

WHITING, William Henry Chase 1
HÉBERT, Louis 3
SMITH, William Farrar 4
WOOD, Thomas John 5
STONE, Charles Pomeroy 7
PORTER, Fitz John 8
HATCH, John Porter 17
SMITH, Edmund Kirby 25
DAVIDSON, John Wynn 27
HAWES, James Morrison 29
BEE, Barnard Elliott 33
GRANGER, Gordon 35
RUSSELL, David Allen 38
PITCHER, Thomas Gamble 40

Class of 1846 - 59 graduated

MCCLELLAN, George Brinton 2
FOSTER, John Gray 4
RENO, Jesse Lee 8
COUCH, Darius Nash 13
JACKSON, Thomas Jonathan 17
SEYMOUR, Truman 19
GILBERT, Charles Champion 21
ADAMS, John 25
STURGIS, Samuel Davis 32
STONEMAN, George 33
SMITH, William Duncan 35
MAURY, Dabney Herndon 37
PALMER, Innis Newton 38
JONES, David Rumph 41
GIBBS, Alfred 42
GORDON, George Henry 43
WILCOX, Cadmus Marcellus 54
GARDNER, William Montgomery 55
MAXEY, Samuel Bell 58
PICKETT, George Edward 59

Class of 1847 - 38 graduated

WILLCOX, Orlando Bolivar 8
MASON, John Sanford 9
FRY, James Barnet 14
HILL, Ambrose Powell 15
BURNSIDE, Ambrose Everett 18
GIBBON, John 20
AYRES, Romeyn Beck 22
GRIFFIN, Charles 23
NEILL, Thomas Hewson 27
BURNS, William Wallace 28
VIELE, Egbert Ludovicus 30
HUNT, Lewis Cass 33
HETH, Henry 38

Class of 1848 - 38 graduated

STEVENS, Walter Husted 4
JONES, William Edmondson 10
BUFORD, John 16
BEALL, William Nelson Rector 30
EVANS, Nathan George 36
STEUART, George Hume 37

Class of 1849 - 43 graduated

GILLMORE, Quincy Adams 1
PARKE, John Grubb 2
DUNCAN, Johnson Kelly 5
BAIRD, Absalom 9
MOORE, John Creed 17
SAXTON, Rufus 18
ROBERTSON, Beverly Holcombe 25
FIELD, Charles William 27
BARTON, Seth Maxwell 28
JOHNSON, Richard W 30
FRAZER, John Wesley 34
CUMMING, Alfred 35
MCINTOSH, James McQueen 43

Class of 1850 - 44 graduated

WARREN, Gouverneur Kemble 2
GROVER, Cuvier 4
SLEMMER, Adam Jacoby 12
ARNOLD, Richard 13
WALKER, Lucius Marshall 15
LONG, Armistead Lindsay 17
RANSOM, Robert Jr 18
CARR, Eugene Asa 19
CARLIN, William Passmore 20
WINDER, Charles Sidney 22
CABELL, William Lewis 33
MOUTON, Jean Jacques Alfred Alexander 38

Class of 1851

ANDREWS, George Leonard 1
MORTON, James St Clair 2
GARRARD, Kenner 8
HELM, Benjamin Hardin 9
GILLEM, Alvan Cullem 11
MORRIS, William Hopkins 27
WHIPPLE, William Denison 31
DANIEL, Junius 33
BAKER, Laurence Simmons 42

Class of 1852 - 43 graduated

SLOCUM, Henry Warner 7
STANLEY, David Sloane 9
ANDERSON, George Burgwyn 10
HASCALL, Milo Smith 14
COSBY, George Blake 17
HARTSUFF, George Lucas 19
WOODS, Charles Robert 20
FORNEY, John Horace 22
MCCOOK, Alexander McDowell 30
KAUTZ, August Valentine 35
CROOK, George 38
HAWKINS, John Parker 40

Class of 1853 - 52 graduated

MCPHERSON, James Birdseye 1
SILL, Joshua Woodrow 3
BOGGS, William Robertson 4
SMITH, William Sooy 6
SCHOFIELD, John McAllister 7
BOWEN, John Stevens 13
TERRILL, William Rufus 16
TYLER, Robert Ogden 22
CHAMBLISS, John Randolph Jr. 31
DAVIDSON, Henry Brevard 33
SHERIDAN, Philip Henry 34
WALKER, Henry Harrison 41
CHAMBERS, Alexander 43 
HOOD, John Bell 44
SMITH, James Argyle 45

Class of 1854 - 46 graduated

LEE, George Washington Custis 1
RUGER, Thomas Howard 3
HOWARD, Oliver Otis 4
DESHLER, James 7
PEGRAM, John 10
STUART, James Ewell Brown 13
GRACIE, Archibald Jr. 14
LEE, Stephen Dill 17
PENDER, William Dorsey 19
VILLEPIGUE, John Bordenave 22
WEED, Stephen Hinsdale 27

Class of 1855 - 34 graduated

WEITZEL, Godfrey 2
GREGG, David McMurtrie 8
NICHOLLS, Francis Redding Tillou 12
WEBB, Alexander Stewart 13
TURNER, John Wesley 14
TORBERT, Alfred Thomas Archimedes 21
AVERELL, William Woods 26
HAZEN, William Babcock 28

Class of 1856 - 49 graduated

POE, Orlando Metcalfe 6
VINTON, Francis Laurens 10
BAYARD, George Dashiell 11
LYON, Hylan Benton 19
LOMAX, Lunsford Lindsay 21
MAJOR, James Patrick 23
FORSYTH, James William 28
JACKSON, William Hicks 38
SANDERS, William Price 41
CARROLL, Samuel Sprigg 44
LEE, Fitzhugh 45

Class of 1857 - 38 graduated

ALEXANDER, Edward Porter 3
STRONG, George Crockett 5
MORGAN, Charles Hale 12
FERGUSON, Samuel Wragg 19
MARMADUKE, John Sappington 30
ANDERSON, Robert Houstoun 35

Class of 1858 - 27 graduated

HARKER, Charles Garrison 16
THOMAS, Bryan Morel 22

Class of 1859 - 22 graduated

HARDIN, Martin Davis 11
STOUGHTON, Edwin Henry 17
WHEELER, Joseph 19

Class of 1860 - 41 graduated

WILSON, James Harrison 6
RAMSEUR, Stephen Dodson 14
MERRITT, Wesley 22
WARNER, James Meech 40

Class of May 1861 - 45 graduated

AMES, Adelbert 5
UPTON, Emory 8
KIRBY, Edmund 10
KILPATRICK, Hugh Judson 17

Class of June 1861 - 34 graduated

CUSTER, George Armstrong 34

Class of 1862 - 28 graduated

MACKENZIE, Ranald Slidell 1

Acknowledgements

This list has been based on several works: Ezra Warner's Generals in Gray and Generals in Blue, Francis Heitman's Historical Register and Dictionary of the U.S. Army and John and David Eicher's Civil War High Commands.

Recommended Reading: Rebels from West Point: The 306 U.S. Military Academy Graduates Who Fought for the Confederacy. Description: Rebels from West Point tells the story of the 306 Confederate Officers from the Academy who served the Confederacy. The author examines this fascinating group of officers, describing the heart-wrenching choice they made and how, even after they supported the South, they remained connected to the brotherhood of their former West Point cadets. Continued below...

Among the more famous personalities included in this band-of-brothers are Gen. Robert E. Lee, Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, Gen. A. P. Hill, Gen. James Longstreet, and Gen. John B. Hood.

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Recommended Reading: Civil War High Commands (1040 pages) (Hardcover). Description: Based on nearly five decades of research, this magisterial work is a biographical register and analysis of the people who most directly influenced the course of the Civil War, its high commanders. Numbering 3,396, they include the presidents and their cabinet members, state governors, general officers of the Union and Confederate armies (regular, provisional, volunteers, and militia), and admirals and commodores of the two navies. Civil War High Commands will become a cornerstone reference work on these personalities and the meaning of their commands, and on the Civil War itself. Continued below...

Errors of fact and interpretation concerning the high commanders are legion in the Civil War literature, in reference works as well as in narrative accounts. The present work brings together for the first time in one volume the most reliable facts available, drawn from more than 1,000 sources and including the most recent research. The biographical entries include complete names, birthplaces, important relatives, education, vocations, publications, military grades, wartime assignments, wounds, captures, exchanges, paroles, honors, and place of death and interment. In addition to its main component, the biographies, the volume also includes a number of essays, tables, and synopses designed to clarify previously obscure matters such as the definition of grades and ranks; the difference between commissions in regular, provisional, volunteer, and militia services; the chronology of military laws and executive decisions before, during, and after the war; and the geographical breakdown of command structures. The book is illustrated with 84 new diagrams of all the insignias used throughout the war and with 129 portraits of the most important high commanders. It is the most comprehensive volume to date...name any Union or Confederate general--and it can be found in here. [T]he photos alone are worth the purchase. RATED FIVE STARS by americancivilwarhistory.org 

 

Recommended Reading: Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders (Hardcover). Description: More than forty years after its original publication, Ezra J. Warner’s Generals in Blue is now available in paperback for the first time. Warner’s classic reference work includes intriguing biographical sketches and a rare collection of photos of all 583 men who attained the rank of general in the Union Army. Here are the West Point graduates and the political appointees; the gifted, the mediocre, and the inexcusably bad; those of impeccable virtue and those who abused their position; the northern-born, the foreign-born, and the southerners who remained loyal to the Union. Continued below...

Warner’s valuable introduction discusses the criteria for appointment and compares the civilian careers of both Union and Confederate generals, revealing striking differences in the two groups. Generals in Blue is that rare book—an essential volume for scholars, a prized item for buffs, and a biographical dictionary that the casual reader will find absorbing.

 

Recommended Reading: Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Description: When Generals in Gray was published in 1959, scholars and critics immediately hailed it as one of the few indispensable books on the American Civil War. Historian Stanley Horn, for example, wrote, "It is difficult for a reviewer to restrain his enthusiasm in recommending a monumental book of this high quality and value." Here at last is the paperback edition of Ezra J. Warner’s magnum opus with its concise, detailed biographical sketches and—in an amazing feat of research—photographs of all 425 Confederate generals. Continued below...

The only exhaustive guide to the South’s command, Generals in Gray belongs on the shelf of anyone interested in the Civil War. RATED 5 STARS!

 

Recommended Reading: The Gallant Dead: Union and Confederate Generals Killed in the Civil War (Hardcover). Description: More than 400 Confederate and 580 Union soldiers advanced to the rank of general during the course of the Civil War. (More than 1 in 10 would die.) A total of 124 generals died--78 for the South and 46 for the North. Continued below...

Weaving their stories into a seamless narrative of the entire conflict, Derek Smith paints a fascinating and often moving portrait of the final moments of some of the finest American warriors in history, including Stonewall Jackson, Albert Sidney Johnston, Jeb Stuart, James B. McPherson, John Reynolds, and numerous others.

 

Recommended Reading: Generals in Bronze: Interviewing the Commanders of the Civil War (Hardcover). Description: Generals in Bronze: Revealing interviews with the commanders of the Civil War. In the decades that followed the American Civil War, Artist James E. Kelly (1855-1933) conducted in-depth interviews with over forty Union Generals in an effort to accurately portray them in their greatest moment of glory. Kelly explained: "I had always felt a great lack of certain personal details. I made up my mind to ask from living officers every question I would have asked Washington or his generals had they posed for me, such as: What they considered the principal incidents in their career and particulars about costumes and surroundings." Continued below…

During one interview session with Gen. Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, Kelly asked about the charge at Fort Damnation. Gen. Chamberlain acquiesced, but then added, "I don't see how you can show this in a picture." "Just tell me the facts," Kelly responded, "and I'll attend to the picture." And by recording those stirring facts, Kelly left us not only his wonderful art, but a truly unique picture of the lives of the great figures of the American Civil War. About the Author: William B. Styple has edited, co-authored, and authored several works on the Civil War. His book: "The Little Bugler" won the Young Readers' Award from the Civil War Round Table of New York. He is currently writing the biography of Gen. Phil Kearny.

 

Recommended Reading: Leaders of the American Civil War: A Biographical and Historiographical Dictionary (Hardcover: 504 pages). Description: Covering both the great military leaders and the critical civilian leaders, this book provides an overview of their careers and a professional assessment of their accomplishments. Entries consider the leaders' character and prewar experiences, their contributions to the war effort, and the war's impact on the rest of their lives. The entries then look at how history has assessed these leaders, thus putting their longtime reputations on the line. Continued below...

The result is a thorough revision of some leaders' careers, a call for further study of others, and a reaffirmation of the accomplishments of the greatest leaders. Analyzing the leaders historiographically, the work shows how the leaders wanted to be remembered, how postwar memorists and biographers saw them, the verdict of early historians, and how the best modern historians have assessed their contributions. By including a variety of leaders from both civilian and military roles, the book provides a better understanding of the total war, and by relating their lives to their times, it provides a better understanding of historical revisionism and of why history has been so interested in Civil War lives.

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