Battle of Shiloh Union Army & Union Generals

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Battle of Shiloh

Union Army Commanding and Staff Officers

DEPARTMENT OF MISSISSIPPI
Maj. Gen. H. W. Halleck, commanding
Brig. Gen. Geo. W. Cullum, Chief of Staff
Capt. N. H. McLean, assistant adjutant-general
Capt. J. C. Kelton, assistant adjutant-general
Capt. P. M. Preston, assistant adjutant-general
Col. Richard D. Cutts, aid-de-camp
Capt. C. B. Throckmorton, aid-de-camp
Lieut. J. T. Price, aid-de-camp
Lieut. D. C. Wagner, aid-de-camp
Lieut. A. Backer, aid-de-camp
Brig. Gen. A. J. Smith, Chief of Cavalry
Col. J. V. D. Du Bois, Chief of Artillery
Col. George Thom, Chief of Engineers
Lieut. Col. J. B. McPherson, assistant chief of engineers
Col. J. C. McKibbin, Judge-Advocate
Maj. Robert Allen, Chief Quartermaster
Maj. T. J. Haines, Chief Commissary of Subsistence
Surg. J. J. B. Wright, Medical Director
Brig. Gen. W. Scott Ketchum, Inspector-General

ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE
Maj. Gen. U. S. Grant, commanding
Col. J. D. Webster, Chief of Staff
Capt. J. A. Rawlins, assistant adjutant general
Capt. W. S. Hillyer, aid-de-camp
Capt. W. R. Rowley, aid-de-camp
Capt. C. B. Lagow, aid-de-camp
Lieut. Col. J. B. McPherson, Chief of Engineers
Lieut. W. L. B. Jenney, assistant chief of engineers
Lieut. Wm. Kossak, assistant chief of engineers
Capt. J. P. Hawkins, Chief Commissary of Subsistence
Surg. Henry S. Hewitt, Medical Director
Col. G. G. Pride, volunteer aid

FIRST DIVISION
Maj. Gen John A. McClernand, commanding
Maj. Adolph Schwartz, (wounded) 2d Illinois Artillery, chief of staff
Maj. M. Brayman, acting assistant adjutant-general
Capt. Warren Stewart, (wounded) Illinois cavalry, aid-de-camp
Lieut. Henry C. Freeman, (wounded) aid-de-camp
Lieut. Jos. E. Hitt, 4th Illinois Cavalry, aid-de-camp
Lieut. A. B. Hall, 4th Illinois Cavalry, aid-de-camp
Lieut. S. R. Tresilian, assistant engineer
Lieut. Erastus S. Jones, ordnance officer

First Brigade
Col. Abraham M. Hare, (wounded) 11th Iowa, commanding
Lieut. and Adjt. Cornelius Cadle, jr. 11th Iowa, acting assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. Samuel Caldwell, 8th Illinois, volunteer aid

Second Brigade
Col. C. C. Marsh, 20th Illinois, commanding
Lieut. E. P. Boas, acting assistant adjutant-general
Adjt. J. E. Thompson, (killed) 20th Illinois aid-de-camp
Capt. G. W. Kennard, acting assistant quartermaster
Surg. Christopher Goodbrake, brigade surgeon

Third Brigade
Col. Julius Raith, 43d Illinois, commanding
Lieut. Abraham H. Ryan, acting assistant adjutant-general

SECOND DIVISON
Brig. Gen. W. H. L. Wallace, (killed) commanding
Capt. Wm. McMichael, (captured) assistant adjutant-general
Capt. T. J. Newham, aid-de-camp
Lieut. Cyrus E. Dickey, aid-de-camp
Lieut. Guyton I. Davis, 11th Illinois, aid-de-camp
Lieut. I. P. Rumsey, Taylor's Battery, aid-de-camp

First Brigade
Col. James M. Tuttle, 2d Iowa, commanding
Lieut. Jas. P. Sample, 7th Iowa, acting assistant adjutant-general

Second Brigade
Brig. Gen. John McArthur, (wounded) commanding
Lieut. Geo. L. Paddock, acting assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. George Mason, 12th Illinois, aid-de-camp

Third Brigade
Col. Thos. W. Seeny, 52d Illinois, commanding
Lieutenant and Adjutant --- Allen, 52d Illinois, acting assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. Wm. McCullough, 8th Iowa, aid-de-camp

THIRD DIVISION
Maj. Gen. Lewis Wallace, commanding
Capt. Frederick Knefler, assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. Addison W. Ware, aid-de-camp
Capt. E. T. Wallace, 11th Indiana, aid-de-camp
Lieut. John W. Ross, aid-de-camp

First Brigade
Col. Morgan L. Smith, 8th Missouri, commanding
Lieut. D. C. Coleman, acting assistant adjutant-general

Second Brigade
Col. John M. Thayer, 1st Nebraska, commanding
Lieut. S. A. Strickland, acting assistant adjutant-general
Capt. Allen Blacker, aid-de-camp
Lieut. William S. Whittin, aid-de-camp
Lieut. Col. Robt. K. Scott, 68th Ohio, volunteer aid
Capt. Lewis Y. Richards, 68th Ohio, volunteer aid
Mr. Geo. E. Spencer, volunteer aid

Third Brigade
Col. Charles Whittlesey, 20th Ohio, commanding
E. N. Owens, acting assistant adjutant-general

FOURTH DIVISION
Brig. Gen. Stephen A. Hurlbut, commanding
Capt. Smith D. Atkins, acting assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. J. C. Long, 9th U. S. Infantry, aid-de-camp
Capt. S. Simmons, acting commissary of subsistence
Surg. A. G. Keenan, medical director
Lieut. W. H. Dorchester, volunteer aid

First Brigade
Col. N. G. Williams, (wounded) 3d Iowa, commanding
Lieut. F. Sessions, acting assistant adjutant-general

Second Brigade
Col. James C. Veatch, 25th Indiana, commanding
Capt. F. W. Fox, 14th Illinois, acting assistant adjutant-general
Lieutenant ------- Brunner, 25th Indiana, aid-de-camp
Surg. John T. Walker, brigade surgeon

Third Brigade
Brig. Gen. Jacob C. Veatch, 25th Indiana, commanding
Lieut. H. Scofield, (wounded) acting assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. T. N. Barnes, aid-de-camp

FIFTH DIVISION

Brig. Gen. Wm. T. Sherman, (wounded) commanding
Capt. J. H. Hammond, assistant adjutant-general
Maj. W. D. Sanger, volunteer aid
Lieut. John Taylor, 5th Ohio, aid-de-camp
Lieut. W. D. Strong, assistant quartermaster
Lieut. J. C. McCoy, 54th Ohio, aid-de-camp
Maj. Ezra Taylor, chief of artillery
Capt. C. A. Morton, 32d Illinois, acting commissary of subsistence
Surg. D. W. Hartshorn, medical director
Asst. Surg. Saml. L'Hommedieu, assistant medical director
Lieut. Wm. Kossak, engineer

First Brigade
Col. J. A. McDowell, 6th Iowa, commanding
Lieut. Byron K. Cowles, 6th Iowa, acting assistant adjutant-general (absent)
Capt. Willard H. Harland, 6th Iowa, aid-de-camp

Second Brigade
Col. David Stuart, (wounded) 55th Illinois, commanding
Adjt. Charles Loomis, aid-de-camp

Third Brigade
Col. Jesse Hildebrand, 77th Ohio, commanding
Lieut. S. S. McNaughton, acting assistant adjutant-general

Fourth Brigade
Col. Ralph P. Buckland, 72d Ohio, commanding
Lieut. Eugene A. Rawson, 72d Ohio, acting assistant adjutant-general
John B. Rice, surgeon
Lieut. D. M. Harkness, 72d Ohio, quartermaster

SIXTH DIVISION
Brig. Gen. Benj. M. Prentiss, (captured) commanding
Capt. Henry Binmore, assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. Edwin Moore, aid-de-camp
Surg. S. W. Everett, division surgeon

First Brigade
Col. Everett Peabody, (killed) 25th Missouri, commanding
Capt. Geo. K. Donnelly, assistant adjutant-general

Second Brigade
Col. Madison Miller, (captured) 18th Missouri, commanding

ARMY OF THE OHIO
Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell, commanding
Col. James B. Fry, Chief of Staff
Capt. J. M. Wright, assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. A. F. Rockwell, aid-de-camp
Lieut. C. L. Fitzhugh, 4th U. S. Artillery. aid-de-camp
Lieut. T. J. Bush, 24th Kentucky, aid-de-camp
Capt. J. H. Gilmore, 19th U. S., Inspector of Artillery
Capt. E. Gay, 16th U. S., Inspector of Cavalry
Capt. H. C. Bankhead, 5th U. S., Inspector of Infantry
Capt. Nathaniel Michler, engineer
Surg. Robt. Murray, U. S. A., Medical Director

SECOND DIVISION
Brig. Gen. Alex. McD. McCook, commanding
Capt. Daniel McCook, assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. S. W. Davies, aid-de-camp
Lieut. W. T. Hoblitzell, aid-de-camp
Lieut. W. F. Staub, aid-de-camp
Capt. Orris Blake, provost-marshal
Capt. J. D. Williams, acting commissary of subsistence
Lieut. J. A. Campbell, ordnance officer
Surg. A. P. Meylert, medical director

Fourth Brigade
Brig. Gen. Lovell H. Rousseau, commanding
Lieut. D. Armstrong, acting assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. David Q. Rousseau, aid-de-camp
Lieut. John D. Wicklife, 2d Kentucky Cavalry, aid-de-camp
Capt. W. M. Carpenter, assistant quartermaster
Mr. E. F. Jewett, volunteer aid

Fifth Brigade
Col Edward N. Kirk, (wounded) 34th Illinois, commanding
Capt. S. T. Davis, 77th Pennsylvania, acting assistant adjutant-general
Capt. Abraham Beehler, 34th Illinois, aid-de-camp
Lieut. S. B. Dexter, 34th Illinois, aid-de-camp

Sixth Brigade
Col. W. H. Gibson, 49th Ohio, commanding
Capt. Henry Clay, assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. Wm. C. Turner, aid-de-camp
Lieut. E. A. Otis, aid-de-camp
Surg. S. W. Gross, brigade surgeon

FOURTH DIVISON
Brig. Gen. William Nelson, commanding
Capt. J. Mills Kendrick, U. S. Volunteers, assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. Wm. P. Anderson, 6th Ohio, aid-de-camp
Lieut. Richard Southgate, 6th Ohio, aid-de-camp
W. Preston Graves, volunteer aid
Horace N. Fisher, volunteer aid
Capt. J. G. Chandler, U. S. Army, assistant quartermaster
Lieut. C. C. Peck, 6th Ohio, acting commissary of subsistence
Lieut. Chas. C. Horton, 24th Ohio, ordnance of subsistence
Capt. and Asst. Surg. B. J. D. Irwin, U. S. Army, medical director

Tenth Brigade
Col. Jacob Ammen, 24th Ohio, commanding
Lieut. R. F. Wheeler, aid-de-camp

Nineteenth Brigade
Col. Wm. B. Hazen, 41st Ohio, commanding
Lieut. Robt. L. Kimberly, acting assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. Chas. D. Gaylord, aid-de-camp
Lieut. Wm. M. Beebe, jr., aid-de-camp

Twenty-second Brigade
Col. Sanders D. Bruce, 20th Kentucky, commanding
Lieut. S.T. Corn, acting assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. Wickliffe Cooper, aid-de-camp

FIFTH DIVISION
Brig. Gen. Thos. L. Crittenden, commanding
Capt. Lyne Starling, assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. Louis M. Buford, aid-de-camp
Surg. Middleton Goldsmith, medical director

Eleventh Brigade
Brig. Gen. J. T. Boyle, commanding
Capt. John Boyle, assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. H. Q. Hughes, aid-de-camp
Lieut. H. T. Liggett, aid-de-camp
Lieut. John T. Farris, acting assistant quarter-master

Fourteenth Brigade
Col. Wm. Sooy Smith, 13th Ohio, commanding
Lieut. Frank J. Jones, 13th Ohio, acting assistant adjutant-general
Lieut. R. E. Hackett, 26th Kentucky, aid-de-camp

SIXTH DIVISION
Brig. Gen. Thos. J. Wood, commanding
Capt. Wm. H. Schalter, assistant adjutant-general
Capt. Geo. W. Lennard, 36th Indiana, aid-de-camp
Capt. Fred A. Clark, 29th Indiana, aid-de-camp
Lieut. Col. Isaac Gass, 64th Ohio, inspector-general
Lieut. Clark S. Gregg, 65th Ohio, acting commissary of subsistence
Lieut. Frank B. Hunt, 65th Ohio, ordnance officer
Lieut. John C. Martin, 21st Ohio, signal officer
Surg. Francis B. Mussy, medical director

Twentieth Brigade
Brig. Gen. James A. Garfield, commanding

Twenty-first Brigade
Col. Geo. D. Wagner, 15th Indiana, commanding

Sources: 1913 Report of the Shiloh National Military Park Commission; Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies; National Park Service

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Recommended Reading: Shiloh: The Battle That Changed the Civil War (Simon & Schuster). From Publishers Weekly: The bloodbath at Shiloh, Tenn. (April 6-7, 1862), brought an end to any remaining innocence in the Civil War. The combined 23,000 casualties that the two armies inflicted on each other in two days shocked North and South alike. Ulysses S. Grant kept his head and managed, with reinforcements, to win a hard-fought victory. Continued below…

Confederate general Albert Sidney Johnston was wounded and bled to death, leaving P.G.T. Beauregard to disengage and retreat with a dispirited gray-clad army. Daniel (Soldiering in the Army of Tennessee) has crafted a superbly researched volume that will appeal to both the beginning Civil War reader as well as those already familiar with the course of fighting in the wooded terrain bordering the Tennessee River. His impressive research includes the judicious use of contemporary newspapers and extensive collections of unpublished letters and diaries. He offers a lengthy discussion of the overall strategic situation that preceded the battle, a survey of the generals and their armies and, within the notes, sharp analyses of the many controversies that Shiloh has spawned, including assessments of previous scholarship on the battle. This first new book on Shiloh in a generation concludes with a cogent chapter on the consequences of those two fatal days of conflict.

 

Recommended Reading: Shiloh--In Hell before Night. Description: James McDonough has written a good, readable and concise history of a battle that the author characterizes as one of the most important of the Civil War, and writes an interesting history of this decisive 1862 confrontation in the West. He blends first person and newspaper accounts to give the book a good balance between the general's view and the soldier's view of the battle. Continued below…

Particularly enlightening is his description of Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston, the commander who was killed on the first day of the battle. McDonough makes a pretty convincing argument that Johnston fell far short of the image that many give him in contemporary and historical writings. He is usually portrayed as an experienced and decisive commander of men. This book shows that Johnston was a man of modest war and command experience, and that he rose to prominence shortly before the Civil War. His actions (or inaction) prior to the meeting at Shiloh -- offering to let his subordinate Beauregard take command for example -- reveal a man who had difficulty managing the responsibility fostered on him by his command. The author does a good job of presenting several other historical questions and problems like Johnston's reputation vs. reality that really add a lot of interest to the pages.

 

Recommended Reading: Shiloh: A Battlefield Guide (This Hallowed Ground: Guides to Civil War), by Mark Grimsley (Author), Steven E. Woodworth (Author). Description: Peabody’s Battle Line, McCuller’s Field, Stuart’s Defense, the Peach Orchard, and Hell’s Hollow—these monuments mark some of the critical moments in the battle of Shiloh but offer the visitor only the most meager sense of what happened on the banks of the Tennessee in April 1862. This battlefield guide breathes life into Civil War history, giving readers a clear picture of the setting at the time of engagement, who was where, and when and how the battle progressed. Continued below…

Designed to lead the user on a one-day tour of one of the most important battlefields of the war, the guide provides precise directions to all the key locations in a manner reflecting how the battle itself unfolded. A wealth of maps, vivid descriptions, and careful but accessible analysis makes plain the sweep of events and the geography of the battlefield, enhancing the experience of Shiloh for the serious student, the casual visitor, and the armchair tourist alike.

About the Authors: Mark Grimsley is a professor of history at Ohio State University. He is the author of And Keep Moving On: The Virginia Campaign, May–June, 1864, and the co-editor of Civilians in the Path of War, both published by the University of Nebraska Press. Steven E. Woodworth is a professor of history at Texas Christian University. He is the author of Chickamauga: A Battlefield Guide and Six Armies in Tennessee: The Chickamauga and Chattanooga Campaigns.

 

Recommended Reading: Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862. Review: The bloody and decisive two-day battle of Shiloh (April 6-7, 1862) changed the entire course of the American Civil War. The stunning Northern victory thrust Union commander Ulysses S. Grant into the national spotlight, claimed the life of Confederate commander Albert S. Johnston, and forever buried the notion that the Civil War would be a short conflict. The conflagration at Shiloh had its roots in the strong Union advance during the winter of 1861-1862 that resulted in the capture of Forts Henry and Donelson in Tennessee. Continued below…

The offensive collapsed General Albert S. Johnston advanced line in Kentucky and forced him to withdraw all the way to northern Mississippi. Anxious to attack the enemy, Johnston began concentrating Southern forces at Corinth, a major railroad center just below the Tennessee border. His bold plan called for his Army of the Mississippi to march north and destroy General Grant's Army of the Tennessee before it could link up with another Union army on the way to join him. On the morning of April 6, Johnston boasted to his subordinates, "Tonight we will water our horses in the Tennessee!" They nearly did so. Johnston's sweeping attack hit the unsuspecting Federal camps at Pittsburg Landing and routed the enemy from position after position as they fell back toward the Tennessee River. Johnston's sudden death in the Peach Orchard, however, coupled with stubborn Federal resistance, widespread confusion, and Grant's dogged determination to hold the field, saved the Union army from destruction. The arrival of General Don C. Buell's reinforcements that night turned the tide of battle. The next day, Grant seized the initiative and attacked the Confederates, driving them from the field. Shiloh was one of the bloodiest battles of the entire war, with nearly 24,000 men killed, wounded, and missing. Edward Cunningham, a young Ph.D. candidate studying under the legendary T. Harry Williams at Louisiana State University, researched and wrote Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862 in 1966. Although it remained unpublished, many Shiloh experts and park rangers consider it to be the best overall examination of the battle ever written. Indeed, Shiloh historiography is just now catching up with Cunningham, who was decades ahead of modern scholarship. Western Civil War historians Gary D. Joiner and Timothy B. Smith have resurrected Cunningham's beautifully written and deeply researched manuscript from its undeserved obscurity. Fully edited and richly annotated with updated citations and observations, original maps, and a complete order of battle and table of losses, Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862 will be welcomed by everyone who enjoys battle history at its finest. Edward Cunningham, Ph.D., studied under T. Harry Williams at Louisiana State University. He was the author of The Port Hudson Campaign: 1862-1863 (LSU, 1963). Dr. Cunningham died in 1997. Gary D. Joiner, Ph.D. is the author of One Damn Blunder from Beginning to End: The Red River Campaign of 1864, winner of the 2004 Albert Castel Award and the 2005 A. M. Pate, Jr., Award, and Through the Howling Wilderness: The 1864 Red River Campaign and Union Failure in the West. He lives in Shreveport, Louisiana. About the Author: Timothy B. Smith, Ph.D., is author of Champion Hill: Decisive Battle for Vicksburg (winner of the 2004 Mississippi Institute of Arts and Letters Non-fiction Award), The Untold Story of Shiloh: The Battle and the Battlefield, and This Great Battlefield of Shiloh: History, Memory, and the Establishment of a Civil War National Military Park. A former ranger at Shiloh, Tim teaches history at the University of Tennessee.

 

Recommended Reading: The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged (Hardcover). Description: How can an essential "cornerstone of Shiloh historiography" remain unavailable to the general public for so long? That's what I kept thinking as I was reading this reprint of the 1913 edition of David W. Reed's “The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged.” Reed, a veteran of the Battle of Shiloh and the first historian of the Shiloh National Military Park, was tabbed to write the official history of the battle, and this book was the result. Reed wrote a short, concise history of the fighting and included quite a bit of other valuable information in the pages that followed. The large and impressive maps that accompanied the original text are here converted into digital format and included in a CD located within a flap at the back of the book. Author and former Shiloh Park Ranger Timothy Smith is responsible for bringing this important reference work back from obscurity. His introduction to the book also places it in the proper historical framework. Continued below…

Reed's history of the campaign and battle covers only seventeen pages and is meant to be a brief history of the subject. The detail is revealed in the rest of the book. And what detail there is! Reed's order of battle for Shiloh goes down to the regimental and battery level. He includes the names of the leaders of each organization where known, including whether or not these men were killed, wounded, captured, or suffered some other fate. In a touch not often seen in modern studies, the author also states the original regiment of brigade commanders. In another nice piece of detail following the order of battle, staff officers for each brigade and higher organization are listed. The book's main point and where it truly shines is in the section entitled "Detailed Movements of Organizations". Reed follows each unit in their movements during the battle. Reading this section along with referring to the computerized maps gives one a solid foundation for future study of Shiloh. Forty-five pages cover the brigades of all three armies present at Shiloh.

 

Wargamers and buffs will love the "Abstract of Field Returns". This section lists Present for Duty, engaged, and casualties for each regiment and battery in an easy to read table format. Grant's entire Army of the Tennessee has Present for Duty strengths. Buell's Army of the Ohio is also counted well. The Confederate Army of the Mississippi is counted less accurately, usually only going down to brigade level and many times relying only on engaged strengths. That said, buy this book if you are looking for a good reference work for help with your order of battle.

 

In what I believe is an unprecedented move in Civil War literature, the University of Tennessee Press made the somewhat unusual decision to include Reed's detailed maps of the campaign and battle in a CD which is included in a plastic sleeve inside the back cover of the book. The cost of reproducing the large maps and including them as foldouts or in a pocket in the book must have been prohibitive, necessitating this interesting use of a CD. The maps were simple to view and came in a PDF format. All you'll need is Adobe Acrobat Reader, a free program, to view these. It will be interesting to see if other publishers follow suit. Maps are an integral part of military history, and this solution is far better than deciding to include poor maps or no maps at all. The Read Me file that came with the CD relays the following information: 

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The maps contained on this CD are scans of the original oversized maps printed in the 1913 edition of D. W. Reed's The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged. The original maps, which were in a very large format and folded out of the pages of this edition, are of varying sizes, up to 23 inches by 25 inches. They were originally created in 1901 by the Shiloh National Military Park under the direction of its historian, David W. Reed. They are the most accurate Shiloh battle maps in existence.

 

The maps on the CD are saved as PDF (Portable Document Format) files and can be read on any operating system (Windows, Macintosh, Linux) by utilizing Adobe Acrobat Reader. Visit http://www.adobe.com to download Acrobat Reader if you do not have it installed on your system.

 

Map 1. The Field of Operations from Which the Armies Were Concentrated at Shiloh, March and April 1862

 

Map 2. The Territory between Corinth, Miss., and Pittsburgh Landing, Tenn., Showing Positions and Route of the Confederate Army in Its Advance to Shiloh, April 3, 4, 5, & 6, 1862

 

Map 3. Positions on the First Day, April 6, 1862

 

Map 4. Positions on the Second Day, April 7, 1862

 

Complete captions appear on the maps.

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Timothy Smith has done students of the Civil War an enormous favor by republishing this important early work on Shiloh. Relied on for generations by Park Rangers and other serious students of the battle, The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged has been resurrected for a new generation of Civil War readers. This classic reference work is an essential book for those interested in the Battle of Shiloh. Civil War buffs, wargamers, and those interested in tactical minutiae will also find Reed's work to be a very good buy. Highly recommended.

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